10 May 2013 - Security Council - Fight against terrorism / Sanctions Committee - Statement by Mrs Béatrice Le Fraper, Counsellor for Legal Issues of the Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations
I naturally align myself with the statement to be made by the observer of the European Union.
I would like to thank Ambassadors Kim, Quinlan and Loulichki for their briefings. We note in particular that in the joint briefing, the opportunities for synergies between the Committees was highlighted.
With respect to the Security Council Committee pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011), we highlight once again the extent to which the threat from Al-Qaida, in various forms and degrees, continues to affect every Member State. The most visible and the most worrying manifestation are spreading to cover entire regions. TheAl-Qaida Sanctions Committee plays an indispensable role in addressing that threat. Its decisions, which must be implemented by all, are an essential tool. If this system is to continue to be effective, several elements are, in our view, crucial.
First, the list of persons and entities subject to sanctions should follow the evolution of the threat, and the adoption of resolution 2089 (2012) in December 2012, by extending the criteria for listing, has contributed to that. The regular updating of the list is essential. To that end, we encourage all Member States to continue to submit to the Committee requests for inclusions on the list, so that the list can best reflect the state of the threat. It is indeed in that spirit that the Security Council has called for the adoption of sanctions against groups linked to Al-Qaida operating in Mali, including the Movement for Unity and Jihad in Western Africa and Ansar Dine. In that regard, I would like to commend the initiative taken by the Australian presidency to organize thematic meetings on those groups.
If the list is to be credible, the mechanism and procedures for delisting must respect the fundamental freedoms of people on the list. By creating and then strengthening the mandate of the Ombudsperson, recent resolutions have allowed for progress to be made towards that goal by improving safeguards. The adoption of resolution 2089 (2013) has strengthened the institution of the Ombudsperson by making it sustainable and by improving support and increasing the transparency of its procedures. The work of Ms. Prost remains essential for us.
With regard to the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1373 (2001), France attaches particular importance to its work in promoting the exchange of experiences. The presentation made yesterday by Saudi Arabia from the Prince Mohammed Bin Nayef Centre for Counselling and Care is an example of that.
We also welcome the initiative taken by the Moroccan Chair to organize special meetings on specific themes. Capacity-building in the fight against terrorism in the Sahel States and the prevention of terrorism through new technologies are excellent topics that will give added value to our work.
I further wish to acknowledge the work done by Mike Smith and the entire Counter-Terrorism Executive Directorate in helping the Committee to revise the procedures by which States report on their implementation of the resolutions to the Committee. I note in particular the meeting on 2 May that introduced new evaluation documents, which was an excellent initiative. The large number of participants are a testament to the relevance of that tool.
With regard to the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1540 (2004), like others I underscore the fact that the possibility that radiological, biological, chemical or nuclear weapons could fall into the hands of non-State actors or terrorists is a real danger that concerns us all. Resolution 1540 (2004) plays a key role in the prevention of those risks. In that regard, we welcome the progress achieved in the implementation of the resolution since its adoption in 2004.
Today, a large majority of States have taken steps to implement the provisions of that resolution. Universality seems achievable. We commend the efforts of the South Korean chairmanship to bring us as close as possible to universality on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the adoption of the resolution in 2014. Now fully staffed, the Group of Experts will be all the more able to assist the Committee in its outreach work. Country visits allow for privileged dialogue on the implementation of the provisions of resolution 1540 (2004). In that connection, we welcome the recent trip of Ambassador Kim Sook and that of several experts to Trinidad and Tobago.
The Committee plays a key role in assisting the implementation of the provisions of the resolution. In that regard, we note the request of the Central American Integration System, and we hope that it will be dealt with and responded to as soon as possible.
Certainly, much remains to be done. We must continue to strengthen cooperation of the 1540 Committee with other international actors, particularly in the area of assistance. One of the areas of dialogue that we believe should be strengthened and continued is that with the Group of Eight Global Partnership on that topic.
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