12 July 2012 - Security Council - Peacebuilding - Statement by Mr Gérard Araud, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations

I would
like to thank you, Madam President, for your presence
among us here today, and Colombia for having
organized this open debate on peacebuilding. I would
also like to thank the Secretary-General; the Chair
of the Peacebuilding Commission, the Permanent
Representative of Bangladesh; his predecessor,
the Permanent Representative of Rwanda; and the
representative of the World Bank.

France associates itself with the statement to be
made on behalf of the European Union.
We note today that, despite the 2010 review, the role
of the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) is still being
defined. I would therefore like to make three comments
concerning this matter.

First, the primary role of the PBC is to identify,
together with the States concerned, the needs on
the ground and the stakeholders who are already
involved. Contact with those in the field offers a
picture of the needs on the ground. The work carried
out in the case of Guinea is an example of this. The
mapping exercise carried out by Luxembourg and Japan
provides us with a precise, quantifiable picture of the
existing shortcomings and projects needed to remedy
them. This exercise deserves to be repeated in other
country-specific configurations of the PBC.

The identification of the most pressing areas should
be the result of an in-depth dialogue with the relevant
State. To facilitate this dialogue, there are integrated
peacebuilding offices in a number of post-conflict
countries, such as Burundi and the Central African
Republic. The country-specific configuration of the
Commission must be in close contact with these offices,
and their exchanges must be fluid. That dialogue will be
effective only if links with the field are strengthened.
As was demonstrated by the Security Council’s visit
to western Africa, the PBC is sometimes lacking in
visibility in States in the region, in particular Sierra
Leone.

Once the work to identify needs has been completed,
it is important for the PBC to be able to play its political
supporting role. On the one hand, an important element
of the tasks entrusted to the Peacebuilding Commission
is that of advocacy, especially for resource mobilization.
On the other hand, the PBC should open a dialogue with
the authorities of countries on its agenda in order to ask
them to take specific commitments and follow up with
results on the ground.

The signing of mutual commitments or
peacebuilding plans with a State is not in itself enough
to guarantee that they will in fact be implemented. For
example, the peacebuilding plan for South Sudan is
blocked for now as a result of budgetary austerity. In a
number of situations, States do not possess the means
to cover and fully participate in all projects under way.
It is therefore essential to establish priorities and to be
realistic.

Finally, the key element of the role of the
Peacebuilding Commission is coordination. The PBC
was designed as a platform for contact between the
various members of the international community,
including the international financial institutions, which
play a decisive role in this regard. Partnerships with
them must be developed. Coordination is a long-term
endeavour. To ensure the sustainability of the
international community’s commitment, various efforts
aimed at reviewing the topic have been launched, such
as, inter alia, the review of civilian capacities. The issue
of partnership development lies at the very heart of that
review. We believe that that approach provides us with
the best hope for a long-term commitment.

The international community must not create
conditions of dependence where a State is kept on life
support, but rather conditions for recovery. An excellent
option is the drawing up of contracts such as the New
Deal for International Engagement in Fragile States
developed at the 2011 Forum on Aid Effectiveness, in
Busan, which involved defining a State’s commitment
and so involves it in the project. Initiatives aimed at
promoting the recovery of a viable economic fabric
must be especially encouraged. The joint informal
event of the Economic and Social Council and the
Peacebuilding Commission in June on partnerships for
youth job creation in States emerging from conflict was
useful. That approach should also be reflected on the
ground in each State on the PBC’s agenda.

I will conclude by underscoring that to bring a
coordinated response to post-conflict situations and
to make sustainable any return to peace and stability,
the Commission must work as a flexible and responsive
mechanism, one bringing all players together in a joint
action plan. It therefore behoves us to be especially
vigilant with regard to the risks of bureaucratization of
this young institution.

Dernière modification : 26/02/2015

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