Democratic Republic of Congo [fr]
MONUSCO is the largest peacekeeping operation deployed by the United Nations, with a present strength of 25,000 personnel on the ground, including almost 19,000 military personnel. MONUSCO has been deployed in the DRC since 1999. Its mandate was extended at the end of March 2015 by the unanimously adopted UNSC resolution 2211.
MONUSCO’s mandate is centred on the protection of civilians, which is its top priority. To that end, MONUSCO is deployed up to 95% in eastern DRC where armed groups are the most active and pose a serious threat to civilian security. MONUSCO has an Intervention Brigade, with an innovative peacekeeping task. MONUSCO’s Intervention Brigade is responsible for carrying out offensive operations against armed groups, in cooperation with DRC armed forces (FARDC), in the framework of joint operations.
MONUSCO is also tasked with supporting the implementation of the Addis Ababa Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework agreement for the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which was signed on 24 February 2013 by 11 countries, the African Union, the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region, the Southern African Development Community and the UN Secretary-General. This regional agreement is designed to create stability in the DRC in accordance with two pillars: the commitment by neighbouring States not to provide assistance to armed groups and the deepening of reform of the internal security sector, justice, and the consolidation of State Authority in the DRC, particularly in conflict-affected areas.
MONUSCO is headed by Mr. Martin Kobler, who was appointed Special Representative of the Secretary-General for MONUSCO in June 2013.
In 2004, the Security Council adopted resolution 1533 establishing a sanctions regime for the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The regime’s purpose is to support stabilization efforts in the DRC, so as to supplement action by MONUSCO. It is renewed annually, together with the mandate of the related Group of Experts. In January 2015, the sanctions regime and the mandate of the Group of Experts were renewed by UNSC resolution 2198.
The DRC sanctions regime includes an arms embargo and individual sanctions measures on individuals and entities (assets freeze and travel ban). 31 individuals and 9 entities are subject to sanctions measures to date. There are many sanctions criteria: violations of the arms embargo, recruitment and use of children, serious human rights violations, impeding the process of disarmament, demobilization, repatriation, resettlement and reintegration (DDR and DDRRR), supporting the illegal exploitation of natural resources in the DRC to finance armed groups.
The Security Council Committee established by resolution 1533 designates individuals and entities as subject to sanctions measures and monitors the implementation of those sanctions by States. It does this on the basis of the reports and information transmitted by the Group of Experts, and of requests for sanctions designations made by United Nations Member States.
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Democratic Republic of Congo - 5 October 2013