Fight against Daesh: the Security Council has taken a crucial step forward [fr]
Security Council - Resolution 2249 against terrorism - Remarks to the press by Mr François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations - 20 November 2015
One week to the day after the attacks in Paris and Saint-Denis, the Security Council has adopted unanimously resolution 2249, proposed by France, on the fight against Daesh.
Today, with this fundamental resolution adopted at a record speed, the Security Council has taken a crucial step forward, a crucial step towards bringing the international community together in the fight against Daesh in Syria and in Iraq.
This strong and operational resolution emphasizes the exceptional nature of the threat posed by Daesh and calls on all member states to take all necessary measures to combat it.
It provides the legal and political framework for international coordinated action to eradicate Daesh in its safe havens in Syria and Iraq.
On the basis of this resolution, France will continue and amplify its efforts to mobilize the entire international community.
Mr Ambassador you achieved this resolution today but you already have a big arsenal of resolution before adopted in the Security Council. So what would this resolution in particular add to what you already have, a lot of tools in your hands in the Security Council?
This is a good question. Again you remember what President Hollande said to the French parliament: the absolute necessity to unify and mobilize the international community in the fight against Daech. That is what this resolution is all about. And to give you a few examples, this resolution calls on all Member States to take all necessary measures against Daech. “All necessary measures”, these are the key-words obviously. It’s a strong, very strong formulation, which suffers no ambiguity. The determination of the threat in the preambular paragraphs is also very clear: we are facing indeed an unprecedented threat.
So with this resolution, we have, as I said, the legal and political framework to mobilize and unify the entire international community in the recognition of that threat and fight against Daech.
Mr Ambassador, Russian Ambassador said, on that Security Council meeting, he expects to the continuation of the work on Russian draft to fight terrorism, are you supporting this idea ?
Number one, I must emphasize that we have had with the Russian delegation, and Vitaly Churkin in particular, a very close coordination, all along the process.
Number two, I must say that the spirit of partnership that we have with Russia was shared with each and every member of the Security Council.
Number three, because there is this spirit, that we wanted to create, that it is powerful, in a way unique in the fight against Daech, yes we will study of course, in a very good spirit, every other efforts to build on that legal and political framework, and to go a step further in the fight against Daech, no doubt about it.
Mr L’Ambassadeur, vous venez de dire que cette résolution donnait les moyens légaux pour peut-être pas forcer les Etats mais en tout cas, faire en sorte que les Etats se réunissent. Qu’est-ce que cela veut dire puisque cela n’est même pas sous chapitre 7, donc ce n’est pas contraignant ?
C’est une bonne question. Deux éléments sont clés en termes de légalité, puisque je disais, je reprends mon propos en français, que cette résolution fournit le cadre légal et politique pour une action et une mobilisation internationale étroitement coordonnée contre Daech. Quelques éléments parmi d’autres : le premier c’est que cette résolution mentionne en anglais “all necessary measures”, en français “toutes les mesures nécessaires”, ce qui sont les mots clés comme chacun sait dans l’enceinte des Nations unies, les mots les plus forts pour porter une action, en l’occurrence contre Daech. Il n y a pas de formulation plus forte, moins ambigue, que celle de « toutes les mesures nécessaires ». C’est le point essentiel. L’autre chose c’est que la menace est clairement identifiée. Elle est clairement identifiée à travers Daech, à travers ces zones en Irak et en Syrie. La combinaison de ces deux facteurs, leur insertion dans le cadre d’une résolution avec toute la force légale et politique que donne une résolution, les références dans le cadre de cette résolution au droit international et à ces différents volets, tout cela, je le confirme, donne une force légale et politique sans précédent à la mobilisation internationale contre Daech.
Mr Ambassador, essentially France, your President has declared war against ISIS, You have the backing of the UN Security Council resolution that talks about all necessary measures, will France be sending ground troops into Syria and Iraq ?
As I said in my statement at the Security Council, France has constantly increased its military efforts in Syria against Daech. In the coming days, we will have the aircraft carrier Charles De Gaulle on site, which will more than triple our striking capabilities. So no doubt about it, this resolution will help us continue this way, and will also help us better coordinate our action with our international partners and the members of the Security Council in particular.
Did you add the phrase in the UN charter, after paragraph 5, I am asking because the version that was emailed was not having it in there, but we heard that it was in there? And do you believe that the UN Charter contains within in it a right of individual self-defense by countries; is that your understanding of the UN Charter?
Good question because the reference to the UN charter is clearly within the resolution and I think it adds to the resolution and clearly demonstrates the fact that our action, including our military action, is part of the UN charter and must be part of the UN Charter. So yes, this is a very important message.