France wants to strenghen UN action for post-conflict peacebuilding [fr]
Debate on post-conflict peacebuilding- Intervention by M. Alexis Lamek,Deputy Permanent Representative of France to the Unites Nations - Security Council - 23 February 2016
I should also like to begin by thanking Ambassadors Kamau, Skoog and Rosenthal for their respective valuable contributions to this debate.
Peacebuilding is an essential subject, and we all agree on highlighting its importance. We are also in full agreement that the United Nations needs to do more in this area.
In that regard, today’s open debate is a very relevant and timely topic. The report (see S/2015/490) of the Advisory Group of Experts on the Review of the Peacebuilding Architecture, issued in June 2015, includes a number of interesting proposals. The draft resolution on the peacebuilding architecture that is currently being debated in the General Assembly is also an opportunity to improve United Nations action in this area. For France, that improvement needs to be structured around the following points:
First of all, we must ensure that the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) fully complements and supports Security Council efforts. That is key to ensuring a fully coherent message from the United Nations on the different situations of which we are seized. For example, the Peacebuilding Commission could play an important role in maintaining political mobilization on specific situations, and thus could assist in the implementation of actions undertaken. In that regard, the Peacebuilding Commission can help mobilize the partners involved in implementing Council resolutions, such as donors, the United Nations system and the international organizations.
In addition, in some cases the Peacebuilding Commission plays a much appreciated advisory role vis-à-vis the Security Council, including through field visits by its members. The work of the Commission must be guided in that direction so that it can effectively support the Council’s work. For example, we appreciate the role played by Morocco as Chair of the Central African Republic country-specific configuration and its efforts to support the financing of elections and the Special Criminal Court. Such projects are concrete and assist in the stabilization of the Central African Republic, as decided by the Security Council in coordination with transitional authorities, but their implementation requires monitoring and support that only the Central African Republic country configuration can effectively provide. Similarly, regular visits to the Great Lakes region organized by the Swiss chairmanship of the Burundi configuration are particularly useful and welcome, to the extent that they operate in the framework of excellent complementarity with initiatives taken by the Council to find a solution to the crisis in Burundi.
It is equally important to ensure that the Peacebuilding Commission organizes its work in the most effective way possible to ensure flexibility in reviewing records and also to focus in its meetings on operational and concrete issues. From that point of view, I would like to congratulate the Swedish Ambassador for his work in that area during Sweden’s chairmanship of the Commission. I also congratulate the Ambassador of Kenya on his election as head of the PBC and wish him every success in his chairmanship.
Finally, with regard to financing, we welcome the activities of the Peacebuilding Fund. It is also is essential to maintain the voluntary nature of contributions to continue to ensure genuine transparency and monitoring of the commitments of the Fund. However, it must also be acknowledged that the efficacy of peacebuilding is not merely a financial issue. From that perspective, it is important to emphasize efforts to coordinate on the ground the work of the United Nations in the area of peacebuilding, as well as with international financial institutions.
In that regard, the role of the Resident Coordinator must be supported and strengthened.France is particularly committed to strengthening United Nations efforts in the area of peacebuilding. We hope that today’s debate and discussions on the General Assembly draft resolution will contribute to this objective shared by all.