It’s now a matter of urgency to implement what we decided in Paris [fr]
Speech by M. François Hollande, President of the Republic - Climate/Paris Agreement – Renewable energy in Africa - 20 September 2016
We wanted, on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly, to organize this meeting about renewable energy in Africa, because it’s [part of] the implementation of the Paris Agreement. As I said at the Assembly rostrum, it’s now a matter of urgency to implement what we decided in Paris, which means ratifying it – and I know you’re very mindful of this in each of your countries – so that at the end of the year we can have the ratification instruments: 55 countries representing 55% of emissions. But in Marrakesh – and I pay tribute here to the Moroccan Foreign Minister – I want us to be in a position to say: there you are, the agreement is already being implemented and we can launch initiatives.
It’s very interesting to note that we haven’t waited until COP22 before taking action and presenting projects. The COP President, Ségolène Royal, has committed herself to visiting a large number of countries, and I can confirm that we hardly ever see her any more in Paris: she’s travelling all over Africa. I think she’s visited no fewer than 17 countries; we’ve made sure – and I thank all those who have contributed to this: Jean-Louis Borloo and the President of the ADB [African Development Bank] – that we can prepare all the possible projects that could start as quickly as possible. We can also assess the financial commitments.
The donors have contributed $10 billion, France has committed around €2 billion, and I pay tribute to President Sisi, because he’s co-chairing this event with France. We’ve managed to release European funds, and I think we can now launch a lot of investment. This is especially necessary because in the space of a year, only a year, renewable energy prices have fallen considerably. Technical solutions have also been widely disseminated, and innovation has managed to make possible what was hitherto not regarded as profitable enough, or accessible enough over a reasonable period. For example, I note there are solar power plants in Senegal, Mali, Egypt and Zambia, and significant projects in Ethiopia, Namibia and Kenya. (…) In Cameroon, Guinea, Côte d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso, we have loads of experience we can share.
Forty projects are already being financed entirely or partially by the French Development Agency, and we have reason to believe they can be implemented very rapidly: I’m thinking of a wind farm in Kenya, a solar farm in Senegal and the hydroelectric dam in Cameroon. We’re also making progress – in addition to the projects, in addition to the finance – on the governance of the initiative, and this was also a very important point. Who is going to implement what we’ve decided? A board is being established at heads-of-state level, a technical committee, and the implementation unit is the African Development Bank, under the authority of Mr Adesina, its President.
I congratulate Alpha Conde – because he got all these projects deployed in the name of the African Union while it was under his responsibility – and Mrs Zuma for the African Union Commission, and so we can announce that solutions really will be proposed at COP22 in Marrakesh. And in order to make the COP concrete and practical, I’m asking Ségolène Royal to be in a position to show the conclusions of her report already, because her report now gives us an extremely clear idea of what the renewable energy plan for Africa is./.