Le Conseil de sécurité déçu face à l’échec des pourparlers sud-soudanais [en]
Remarques à la presse de M. François Delattre, représentant permanent de la France auprès des Nations unies et président du Conseil de sécurité - 18 mars 2015- Soudan du Sud/ Minorités/ Libye / Tunisie
Les membres du Conseil de sécurité ont entendu à l’instant une présentation de M. Menkerios, Envoyé spécial du Secrétaire général pour le Soudan et le Soudan du Sud et Représentant spécial auprès de l’Union Africaine, qui est revenu sur l’échec des négociations entre les parties au conflit sud-soudanais.
Dans un esprit de grande unité, les membres du Conseil de sécurité ont exprimé leur déception face à cet échec des pourparlers sud-soudanais, ainsi que notre vive inquiétude quant aux combats et aux violences qui se poursuivent au Soudan du Sud.
Nous avons rappelé notre attachement à un règlement politique de ce conflit. Nous avons réitéré notre appel aux parties pour qu’elles s’engagent sérieusement et pleinement dans la voie d’un tel règlement politique, et qu’elles le fassent sans délai.
Nous avons redit notre volonté d’appuyer les efforts et initiatives permettant d’aboutir à un tel résultat.
Dans ce cadre, nous avons réaffirmé notre attachement à la pleine mise en œuvre de la résolution 2206, et nous avons rappelé notre soutien à la MINUSS, qui accomplit son mandat dans des conditions que l’on sait, dans des conditions difficiles. Et naturellement sur ce sujet, nous continuerons à travailler en étroite concertation avec les acteurs régionaux, et au premier chef l’IGAD et l’Union Africaine.
We heard a briefing from Mr. Haile Menkerios, the Special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General for Sudan and South Sudan, and also Special Representative for the African Union. He presented an assessment of the failure of the talks in Addis Ababa between the South Sudanese parties.
In a great spirit of unity, the members of the Security Council expressed their disappointment at this failure, and our deep concern at the ongoing fighting and violence.
We then reiterated the need for a political settlement of the conflict and our call to the parties for a genuine and full commitment in that regard, without delay.
We recalled our readiness to support efforts and initiatives to reach such a result.
In this framework, we reaffirmed our commitment to the full implementation of resolution 2206.
We finally reiterated our support to UNMISS, which discharges its mandate in very difficult conditions as we all know. And we will naturally continue to work very closely with the regional players, IGAD and the African Union in particular.
Q : Were there any discussions of activating the sanctions committee that you set up, it seems that Salva Kiir has been quoted saying that “he is not worried about sanctions, he is not interested in power-sharing”.
In a great spirit of unity that truly struck me, what the 15 really want to do is to encourage the parties to resume their negotiations and to reach a political solution. That is the goal. And the 2206 resolution is made to pave the way towards this goal. That is really the spirit of all this. Now, when will the sanctions committee be set up is a good question. In our view, that should be done in the near future because we think it is useful way to pressure the parties toward the political settlement I was referring to.
Q : I have a question about the 27th March session here in the Security Council, the general debate on the Christians and other minorities in the Middle East. Can you please tell us how many foreign ministers are coming and whether you are inviting clerics and priests to come to the session ? Thank you.
On the March 27th debate that we, the French Presidency, will be organizing, on this very important issue that you just mentioned, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius will be here. He will be here to personally chair the meeting and we are in the process of working on how we will organize the debate, who will take part in the debate, and we will let you know very quickly.
Q : First a question about what happened today in Tunis, did you exchange with the other Security Council Ambassadors any thought on that ?
And last week, Federica Mogherini, the UE representative, said on the situation in Libya – and at this point we can also include Tunisia – it is not a question of weeks but a question of days. She was talking about the mission of Mr Leon and it was a week ago. What are your thoughts on that ?
On Libya, you know our position. We are actively supporting Bernardino Leon’s efforts to reach a political solution around a national unity government that would be, in our view, the best way, first to pave the way to a true political solution in Libya, and secondly to fight in the best possible conditions against all kinds of terrorism there.
Bernardino Leon is working night and day with our full support in that direction. It is a bit early to say but his efforts need to be supported and we hope that they will lead to an agreement, you said in the coming days or in the coming weeks. I would say the sooner, the better.
On Tunis, very early this morning I had a conversation with my Tunisian colleague here to express our deepest sympathy with regards to this tragedy and the Council, as we speak, is working on a text to express its condemnation of such attacks but also solidarity with Tunisia.