Peacebuilding makes a difference and helps countries to emerge from crisis - 25 June 2015 [fr]
Post-conflict peacebuilding - Statement by Mr. Alexis Lamek, Deputy Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations - Security Council - 25 June 2015
I thank you, Mr, President, for organizing this important meeting. I would also like to thank Ambassadors De Aguiar Patriota and Skoog for their illuminating briefings.
Since it was establishd 10 years ago, the peacebuilding architecture has made undeniable progress — on the one hand in the sense of a better understanding of the specific challenges faced by countries emerging from conflict, and on the other in improved coordination of international efforts, particularly on the part of United Nations entities. The report we are considering today (S/2015/174) specifically illustrates the way in which those efforts have made it possible to improve situations on the ground. I am thinking in particular of the partnership with the Peacebuilding Fund promoting greater inclusion of women in Liberia, or of the support provided to the establishment of the new Parliament in Guinea.
Echoing Ambassadors De Aguiar Patriota and Skoog, France would like to recognize the commitment of the peacebuilding architecture in the fight against Ebola, a crisis that gravely impacted three countries on the Commission’s agenda. Forced to redirect its priorities, the Commission made every effort to raise awareness with respect to the multidimensional effort needed to combat Ebola, which had public health, social, economic,and political consequences. To have been content with a medical response alone, however crucial, would not have made it possible to adequately address the very real challenges posed by a lack of infrastructure, weak health-care systems and the population’s lack of awareness of the public health challenges. We are therefore pleased to see that the peacebuilding architecture can make a difference and can help countries to emerge from crisis.
Further progress can still be made in our collective efforts. The ability to mobilize long-term resources and coordinate among a range of donors to support strategies defined by host States remains a challenge that has yet to be satisfactorily addressed. The cases of countries emerging from conflict that relapse into crisis situations reveal the shortcomings on which we still have more work to do.
With that in mind, France supports the review of the peacebuilding architecture, whose linkage to the strategic review of peacekeeping operations and the review of the implementation of resolution 1325 (2000) is vital. Those reviews allow a critical review of the totality of United Nations peacekeeping endeavours in countries in crisis or emerging from crisis, across the whole spectrum of conflicts, from prevention to post-conflict stabilization, including peacekeeping and the management of transitional phases. Institutional reconstruction, the re-establishment of functional State structures, national reconciliation, transitional justice and economic recovery are challenges that take years, sometimes even decades, to deal with. Crisis management is one thing; addressing such conflicts in the long term is another, and in that regard we have made enormous progress.
In that context, I would like to highlight several points that we consider central. First, it is essential to be firmly anchored on the ground, in specifics and in local situations, in order to provide a tailored response and to support national processes. Moreover, the real work of the Peacebuilding Commission takes place in country-specific configurations, which is where it can best be achieved. Organizational reflection is important but should always support country configurations. In that regard, France welcomes the initiative of the Central African Republic configuration, thanks to which a donor mobilization meeting was held to support that country’s elections.
Secondly, it is critical that we develop our thinking and efforts with regard to sequencing and prioritizing international action. We must work on the interrelationship among the different United Nations missions and the forms of engagement, as well as on mission succession. France is grateful to Japan for its initiative on lessons learned in mission transitions.
Thirdly and lastly, we can only agree with the Peacebuilding Commission regarding the importance of the regional dimension. The States that are neighbours of post-crisis countries are key players with whom we must work closely, because crisis issues very often transcend national borders. Cooperation with regional and subregional organizations must also be enhanced, and France welcomes the high priority given to that area in the work this year.
The report of the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations, chaired by President Ramos-Horta, was submitted a few days ago, and we are awaiting the imminent submission of the report of the Advisory Group of Experts on the Review of the Peacebuilding Architecture, coordinated by Ambassador Rosenthal, and the submission in September of the report of the High-level Advisory Group for a Global Study on Resolution 1325 (2000). Those reviews are a unique opportunity to consider the whole chain linking peace, security and development in the context of the United Nations summit to adopt the post-2015 development agenda. We will collectively examine the results of these strategic revieews and actively engage in the implementation of the relevant recommendations.