The UNSC sends a firm message in favour of the unity and stability of Yemen (02/15/2015) [fr]
Adoption of Resolution 2201 on Yemen - Explanation of vote by Mr. François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations - Security Council - 15 February 2015
France thanks the United Kingdom and Jordan for having prepared resolution 2201 (2015). We are pleased that, with the constructive engagement of Council members, the text could be negotiated quickly and unanimously adopted. We believe, indeed, that the very difficult circumstances currently facing Yemen necessitated the expression by the Council of at least three messages.
The first is that of the full ability of the Council to act in unision in support of the Yemeni transition. Between 2011 and 2014, in a turbulent regional environment, Yemen demonstrated its exemplary ability to conduct a peaceful and orderly incremental transition to democracy, with the support of the Gulf Cooperation Council and the Security Council. Since July 2014, this positive momentum has been reversed to an alarming extent. While the transition was entering its final phase — not only the most important but also the most sensitive — Yemen has gradually become mired in political and security instability that threatens to negate the efforts of the Yemeni people and the international community. It was essential, in this very delicate phase, that we remain united alongside the Yemeni people.
The second message is stresses the urgent need for the Yemeni parties to engage in the good-faith negotiations facilitated by the United Nations to resolve their differences through a political solution. We recall, in this respect, our full support for the good offices mission conducted by the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General, Mr. Jamal Benomar. Through resolution 2201 (2015), the international community unequivocally rejects the use of force to achieve political goals and unilateral acts that contradict the search for a negotiated solution. Instead, it calls on all parties in Yemen to respect the rules of the democratic game and to define, in the framework of an inclusive process, a consensual political solution that respects previous agreements, including the GCC Initiative and Implementation Mechanism, the conclusions of the National Dialogue Conference, the Peace and National Partnership Agreement and its security annex. As the resolution points out, while previous agreements have not been respected, this solution must be strictly implemented.
Lastly, the resolution sends a firm message in favour of the unity, integrity and stability of Yemen. The political vacuum in the country promotes the manifestation of violent discord that threatens its integrity. This is true not only politically, with the divisions that I have just mentioned, and at the regional level with the disturbing ascendency of secessionist tendencies, but also in terms of security, with the strengthening of the threat posed by Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula. France is particularly concerned about this aspect in the light of the violent attacks sponsored by that terrorist organization in early January.
While the extension of a situation without inclusive political solution crisis reinforces terrorism, France renews its commitment to a resumption of the political transition that would restore the conditions of the anti-terrorist cooperation.