The resolution marks a necessary and decisive step [fr]
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea - Explanation of vote by Mr. François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations - 30 November 2016
I thank the Secretary General for his presence today and for his powerful statement. I also thank the United States for submitting resolution 2321 (2016), which we have just adopted unanimously and which France co-sponsored.
After the January nuclear test, the launch of a long-range missile using ballistic technology, and the various ballistic-missile tests conducted this year, North Korea’s fifth nuclear test in September served only to strengthen our deep concern over that country’s destabilizing provocations. The test demonstrates Pyongyang’s stubbornness and represents an irresponsible decision to forge ahead. Let there be no mistake — the determined, methodical and systematic effort of North Korea to develop nuclear and ballistic capabilities is today one of the main threats to regional and international peace and security and an attack on the international non-proliferation regime, making it one of the most important challenges the Security Council has to face and therefore one of its highest priorities.
In that context, France welcomes the unanimous adoption of resolution 2321 (2016). The resolution marks a necessary and decisive step in strengthening sanctions against North Korea and allows us to send a clear and unambiguous message on the unity and determination of the international community to sanction any unacceptable challenge to the non-proliferation regime. Its goal is therefore to lead to a radical policy change in Pyongyang.
The unanimity that the Security Council has shown today is a fine example of its capacity to come together when the essential is at stake. I hope that this unity will be renewed every time issues related to the proliferation or use of weapons of mass destruction should arise. Resolution 2270 (2016), adopted in March, represented a very significant evolution in the sanctions regime. In that same vein, resolution 2321 (2016) allows us now to move one step further in several respects. First, it identifies, clarifies and provides a stricter framework for some of the provisions contained in resolution 2270 (2016). That is the case particularly with regard to the export of coal, the inclusion of new designations and the banning of the transfer of new goods.
The resolution also diversifies the means of action that we have available to us by identifying new tools that allow us to prevent the development of North Korea’s nuclear and ballistic missile programmes, including, for example, new banking and financial measures, new limits on transport modes that the regime is using, and enhanced constraints on the diplomatic means being used by North Korea.
Resolution 2321 (2016) also enables us to enhance our capacity to prevent Pyongyang from funding its nuclear programmes. The extension of sectoral measures, which are synonymous with additional constraints on the regime, illustrates that fact. Through the new resolution, we also condemn the logic being followed by the regime, which involves diverting existing resources to fuel its illegitimate programmes to the detriment of the North Korean people.
Finally, the resolution strengthens the strong message of dissuasion sent to Pyongyang by clearly recalling not only our determination to take additional measures in the event of further provocations, but also that the rights and privileges of membership of a State subject to sanctions do not emerge out of nowhere. The resolution does not close the door to dialogue, because the imposition of sanctions is not our final objective. And yet, as long as those provocations continue, we will have no choice but to enhance them. The determination of France in that regard is adamant. It is now up to North Korea to concretely show, by abandoning its nuclear and ballistic missile programmes, that it is ready to fully respect its international obligations.