UN funding [fr]
The UN funding is complex and reflects both the diversity of the organization’s missions and its structures’ entanglement.
3 types of instruments ensure funding:
The regular budget
The regular budget is adopted for a two-year period by the General Assembly. The 2014-2015 regular budget amounts to $5.530 billion. The regular budget is mainly financed through contributions from the member states, based on shares calculated according to a scale that reflects each state’s capacity to pay. This budget is primarily an operating budget: it is used to cover expenses of the secretariat and administrative expenses of certain funds and programs (UNEP, UN Women, etc). for the 2014-2015 periode, France was the fith contributing state with a share of 4.86%.
Peacekeeping operations budgets
Each peacekeeping operation is systematically funded through the establishment of a special account, financed through compulsory contributions. The amount of the contributions made by the member states is based on a specific scale, derived from the regular budget but with an increased contribution for the Security Council permanent members. The budget for the 2014/2015 period amounts to 8 297 billion USD. Since 2016, France is the fifth contributing state with a 6.31% share.
Extra budgetary ressources
These resources comprise voluntary contributions from member states and finance support activities, substantive activities (in addition to the activities financed by the regular budget for example) as well as operational activities (technical cooperation). Extra budgetary resources for the 2016-2017 biennium is estimated at $ 18.9 billion, more than three times the budget appropriations.
Finally, the UN funds and programs (UNICEF, UNDP, UNHCR, etc.) but also the UN specialized institutions have their own budgets. The bulk of their funding comes from voluntary contributions of governments but also from individuals.