On 25 June 2014, the Security Council adopted resolution 2152 renewing the mandate of the UNOCI (United Nations Mission in Côte d’Ivoire) and reducing the number of peacekeepers in the context of increasing stability of the country.
On 13 April 2011, the Security Council held a public meeting with the participation of Ms Valerie Amos, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Ms. Navanethem Pillay, High Commissioner for Human Rights, and Mr. Choi, Special Representative of the Secretary General in Côte d’Ivoire (the latter in a videoconference from Abidjan). The Council then met in informal consultations and welcomed in a press statement President Ouattara’s capacity to assume all his responsibilities as Head of State. The Council also welcomed President Ouattara’s call for justice and reconciliation in his country and encouraged UNOCI to help the Ivorian governement in the normalisation process in Côte d’Ivoire.
On 28 April 2011, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 1980 extending for one year the sanctions regime originally established by resolution 1572, in order to continue contributing to the stabilization of the country and the pacification of the Ivorian national dialogue. Resolution 1980 also includes an assessment of its effects six months following its adoption.
On 13 May 2011, the Security Council adopted resolution 1981. This resolution renews until 31 July 2011 the UNOCI mandate and extends up to 30 June 2011 the temporary redeployment of forces from UNMIL to UNOCI.
On 29 June 2011, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 1992 extending the presence in Côte d’Ivoire of the United Nations attack helicopters until at least 30 September 2012.
On 28 July, the Secretary General decided to appoint Bert Koenders as his Special Representative for Côte d’Ivoire and Head of UNOCI. He has replaced Mr. Choi Young-jin who completed his assignment on 31 August 2011.
On 27 July 2011, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2000 extending the mandate of UNOCI until 31 July 2012. The Security Council mandated it in particular to participate in the demobilization of former combatants and the restructuring of the security sector, essential for restoring security in Côte d’Ivoire. The Special Representative of UN Secretary General is also responsible for assisting the Ivorian authorities for the organization of parliamentary elections and certify the result, in accordance with the Ouagadougou agreement reached between the Ivorian parties in 2007.
On 20 October 2011, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the report of the Permanent Representative of Brazil, who chairs the sanctions committee established by resolution 1980 of the Security Council. France reported that, on the findings of this report, it did not seem appropriate to amend the sanctions regime for the moment. The issue will be discussed again in April 2012 in light of the progress identified.
On 8 December 2011, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the first report of Bert Koenders, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and head of UNOCI. Mr. Koenders stressed the efforts by the government to improve the security situation, especially in the context of the upcoming parliamentary elections. UNOCI’s contingents had been redeployed to deal with the lingering local tensions.
In his statement, the representative of France commended the progress made since the end of the crisis in terms of economic recovery and national cohesion. However, the situation in the country remained fragile, requiring continued vigilance from the Council and UNOCI.
The parliamentary election would help achieving the transition and reconciliation process in the country.
On 26 January 2012, the Security Council heard Bert Koenders, Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Côte d’Ivoire, in the presence of the representative of the country. Significant progress had been made: the security situation had improved, the displaced populations were gradually returning to the country, and economic recovery was under way. The government had also taken steps to meet its goals in terms of regional integration. The support of UNOCI, commended by the representative of Côte d’Ivoire, remained crucial so as to prevent the resurgence of conflicts and to fight against the circulation of arms.
During the closed consultations that followed, the French representative commended the transparent and peaceful legislative elections held in December. He reiterated France’s support to UNOCI and stressed that President Ouattara’s visit in Paris had been the opportunity to sign a security partnership between the two countries.
On 18 April 2012, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear a report of the Sanctions Committee on Côte d’Ivoire, presented by its Chairman, Mr. Gert Rosenthal, Permanent representative of Guatemala.
Mr. Rosenthal noted the encouraging prospects raised by the new government’s improved cooperation with the expert Group. The security situation had not been completely stabilized, notably in the North of the country. The government was still encountering difficulties to reach its goals regarding disarmament, demobilization, the security sector reform and border surveillance.
The representative of France commended the policy of transparency adopted by the government of Mr. Ouattara as well as the standardization and the redeployment of the administration in the territory. He stood in favor of an easing of the sanctions regime imposed on the country. France was to introduce a draft resolution to that effect, during the annual renewal of the mandate of the expert Group.
On 26 April 2012, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2045 renewing for one year the sanctions regime against Côte d’Ivoire regarding weapons and diamonds, as well as the mandate of the Group of Experts established in 2004 to assess the situation in the country.
Given the progress made, certain sanctions with respect to security and military functions were not to be implemented anymore.
On 8 June 2012, following an ambush against a battalion of Nigerian peacekeepers of UNOCI, which caused the death of seven of them and of several Ivorian civilians, the Security Council condemned the attack and expressed its "deep concern at the prevailing insecurity in western Côte d’Ivoire and the border area" with Liberia, "and continued cross-border movements of armed elements, including militias and mercenaries". The Security Council decided to hold emergency consultations on the matter on 11 June 2012.
On 18 July 2012, the Security Council held private consultations on the situation in Côte d’Ivoire. Mr. Koender, Special Representative and Head of the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI), welcomed the economic growth and the improvement of the security situation. The coming elections should confirm the legitimacy of the young political system. They suggested improve border security through the redeployment of UNFIL forces to the UNOCI.
In francophone countries, the French Representative stressed, UN missions couldn’t act effectively without incorporating more francophone staff at every hierarchical level.
On 26 July 2012, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2062 which extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) for one year.
On 25 October 2012, the Security Council met in closed consultations in order to evaluate the action of the Côte d’Ivoire Sanctions Committee, as established by resolution 1572.
The Chairman of the Committee and Permanent Representative of Guatemala, Mr. Gert Rosenthal, presented the mid-term report by the Group of Experts of the UN supporting the Committee.
The Permanent Representative of France praised the pragmatism of the approach of the Sanctions Committee. Nevertheless, some flaws persisted, such as regional violations of the sanctions. Therefore, those sanctions did not need to be modified.
On 17 January 2013, Mr Bert Koenders, special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) presented to the Security Council his report on the situation in the country. Both Mr Koenders and the Permanent Representative of Côte d’Ivoire present during the briefing emphasized the significant progress made by the country, even though the current situation remained fragile.
The Security Council then met in closed consultations.
The Representative of France stressed the efficiency of the cooperation between UNOCI and UNMIL. He also suggested that the Security Council could start envisaging a gradual draw-down of the United Nations forces as the international presence in Côte d’Ivoire would eventually evolve.
Moreover, he congratulated Côte d’Ivoire for its commitment in the Malian crisis through ECOWAS.
On 16 April 2013, the Security Council met to hear Mr Edmond Mulet, Under Secretary-General for the peacekeeping operations on the situation in Côte d’Ivoire, in the presence of the Permanent representative of the country. Both of them emphasized the amelioration of the bilateral relationship between Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana.
During the closed consultations that followed, Chairman of the Sanction Committee and Permanent Representative of Guatemala, Mr. Gert Rosenthal, presented the report by the Group of Experts of the UN in Côte d’Ivoire.
The French representative welcomed the positive developments of the situation in the country, as much as security, political and economic matters.
He stressed that France supported the gradual reduction of UNOCI proposed by the Secretariat.
On 25 April 2013, the Security Council adopted resolution 2101 stating that for a period ending on 30 April 2014, all States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer to Côte d’Ivoire, from their territories or by their nationals.
On 18 July 2013, the Security Council heard Mr. Hervé Ladsous, Head of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, on the situation in Côte d’Ivoire and UNOCI activities. Mr. Ladsous welcomed the political and security progresses made in the country since the violent post-election crisis in April 2011, while stressing that these progresses needed to be consolidated and that serious threats to stability remained.
The Security Council also held closed consultations during which the representative of France declared that the reform of the security sector and the pursuit of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants were essential to consolidate the gains that had been made.
On 30 July 2013, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2112 renewing for one year UNOCI’s mandate.
On 24 October 2013, Mr. Gert Rosenthal, Chairman of the sanction Committee and Permanent Representative of Guatemala, presented during closed consultations his progress report.
France encouraged to look at the situation in Côte d’Ivoire within a general context. The Representative of France welcomed again the positive developments of the situation in the country, both in terms of security and in the economic field. However, he noted that significant challenges remained: Security Sector Reform and the DDR process were implemented too slowly. He also mentioned the topic of illicit trafficking of weapons and encouraged a renewal of the sanctions regime this June.
On 9 December 2013, the existing chairs of the subsidiary bodies of the Council presented the results of their work.
The chairman of the sanctions committee 1572 on Côte d’Ivoire, permanent representative of Guatemala, shared three reports in the areas of follow-up of the means of communication, arms embargo monitoring and human rights. He deplored considerable gaps in the implementation of sanctions, in particular in the area of the arms embargo. Despite all that, Côte d’Ivoire was progressing in the right direction towards stability, peace and security.
On 27 January 2014, the Security Council met to assess the situation in Côte d’Ivoire in presence of Special Representative of the Secretary-general in Côte d’Ivoire and head of the UN Mission in the country (UNOCI), Ms. Aïchatou Mindaoudou. Ms. Mindaoudou, via VTC from Abidjan, stated that some progress has been achieved in the country through Government-initiated reforms in particular on the control of funding of political parties. She reported on positive evolutions in the political dialogue between the different factions (FPI, RDR). However, she noted that the situation still remained fragile with an increase in inter-communitarian and interethnic violence. Consequently, she requested members of the Council to remain vigilant.
During private consultations, the Permanent Representative of France welcomed the favorable evolution in Côte d’Ivoire and noted no attack occurred in the past year. This calm allowed an economic boost that contributed to the stability of the country. Mr Araud acknowledged the efforts of dialogue and reconciliation between various political groups –Front populaire ivoirien (Ivory Popular Front) and former dignitaries of Laurent Gbagbo- but he stressed the importance of launching as soon as possible the security sector reform. France also called for the implementation of resolution 2112 which progressively transfers civil tasks from the UNOCI to the Ivorian state.
On 24 April 2014, the Security Council held private consultations on the 1572 sanctions committee on Côte d’Ivoire. The Permanent Representative of Chile and president of the committee, Mr Cristián Barros Melet, presented the experts’ conclusions to the Council. The Permanent Representative of France commended the positive evolution of Côte d’Ivoire since the creation of the committee three years ago. A draft resolution prepared by France and allowing an evolution of the sanctions regime should be submitted to the Council in the coming days.
On 29 April 2014, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2153 which renews the sanctions regime concerning Côte d’Ivoire until 30 April 2015. However, given the progress made by the country, the Security Council lifted the embargo on Ivorian rough diamonds and eased the embargo on small arms.