Twitter Facebook Flickr Youtube RSS Share

Complete timeline

The complete file here.

Version française

- On 16 June 2011, the Security Council met in private consultations in order to hear a briefing about the humanitarian situation in Sudan and South Sudan and on the work of UNMIS. After the meeting, Gerard Araud, Permanent Representative of France, made remarks to the press.

- On 20 June 2011, Thabo Mbeki, mediator of the African Union and SRSG Haile Menkerios presented to the Security Council an agreement to demilitarize the region of Abyei which was signed on that day between the government of Khartoum and southern Sudan. Gerard Araud, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations, welcomed this step forward to end the crisis.

- On 27 June 2011, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 1990 which authorizes the deployment, for a period of six months, of the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA), with a maximum of 4,200 peacekeepers (see below). In his statement, the permanent representative of France welcomed the adoption of resolution 1990 which gave UNISFA a robust mandate, directed the parties to facilitate the rapid return of displaced persons, and requested that effective human rights monitoring be carried out.

- On 8 July 2011, the Security Council adopted resolution 1996 establishing the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS). It gives UNMISS the mandate to consolidate peace and security in the country, in particular by fostering longer-term state-building and economic development. It also gives UNMISS a robust mandate for protecting civilians under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. The new mission will consist of up to 7,000 military personnel and up to 900 civilian police personnel. UNMISS replaces UNMIS in the areas where UNMIS operated on what is now the new State of South Sudan.

- On 11 July 2011, the Security Council adopted resolution 1997 deciding to withdraw the United Nations Mission in Sudan. In his explanation of vote, the Permanent Representative of France said in particular: "France supported the adoption of resolution 1997 the Security Council on the withdrawal of the United Nations Mission in Sudan. We regret that this took place while a cease-fire has not yet been signed in Southern Kordofan: civilians continue to suffer from combat, and humanitarian access has not been restored. The Blue Nile is also a cause for concern. So we call on the Sudanese government to consider the presence of the international community in these two states."

- On 13 July 2011, the Security Council adopted resolution 1999 in which it "recommends to the General Assembly that the Republic of South Sudan be admitted to membership in the United Nations".

France was represented at the meeting by Mr David Douillet, Secretary of State in charge of the French abroad. In his statement, he said in particular: "The independence of South Sudan is a major milestone in the history of Africa. It marks the conclusion to fifty years of war, which severely bruised all the populations of Sudan and caused millions of deaths. We harbour great hopes for peace, and this shows that negotiation and dialogue are more effective than weapons and military confrontation. "

- On 14 July 2011, the General Assembly admitted, by acclamation, the Republic of South Sudan as the 193rd member of the United Nations. France cosponsored this resolution.

- On 29 July 2011, the Secretary General appointed Haile Menkerios as his Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan.

- On 29 July 2011, the Security Council adopted unanimously resolution 2003 renewing the mandate of UNAMID (Hybrid UN-AU Mission in Darfur) until 31 July 2012.

- On 6 October 2011, the Security Council met to hear a briefing on the report of the Secretary-General on the situation in Abyei. The Secretary General’s report was presented by Hervé Ladsous, newly appointed Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations. Mr. Ladsous depicted a security and humanitarian situation that had not improved since June 2011. The Sudanese and South-Sudanese troops still occupied the region, violating Sudan’s and South Sudan’s commitments as well as resolution 1990 which stipulates that the region of the Abyei should be demilitarized. UNISFA’s deployment and movements also faced obstacles. The Under-Secretary-General eventually presented the Secretary-General’s recommendations to reconfigure UNISFA’s mandate to carry out the monitoring of border between Sudan and South-Sudan. Following the briefing, the Security Council met in closed consultations on the matter.

- On 11 October 2011, the Security Council met in private consultations in order to hear the report of Mr. Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations. The report gave details about the absence of demilitarization of the Abyei region by the Sudanese and South-Sudanese troops.

- On 25 October 2011, the Security Council met to hear the report on UNAMID of Mr. Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations. Hervé Ladsous noted that progress had been made in the implementation of the Doha adocument for Peace in Darfur, which benefited from a broad support among displaced populations in Darfur, but had not yet won over the two main rebel Darfuri groups. The security and humanitarian situation remained a matter of concern. UNAMID had suffered deadly attacks against its personnel.

In private consultations, France underscored its concerns over the situation in Darfur, in particular after these attacks. In this context, UNAMID had to remain firm and the peace process had to be supported: rebel groups had to join it.

- On 11 November 2011, the Security Council heard the report of Mr Hervé Ladsous, Head of the Department of Peace-Keeping Operations, after his field trip to Abyei to assess the situation in Kordofan and Blue Nile region. Making his own the comments made during consultations of the Security Council on 10 November by Mr Haile Menkerios, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Sudan and South Sudan, Mr Ladsous stressed the serious deterioration of the conditions on the ground. The Council heard as well the statements made by the representatives of Sudan and South-Sudan on the matter.

- On 15 November 2011, the Security Council heard the fourth quarterly report by Miss Hilde Johnson, Special Representative and Head of the UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) Progress had been made in overpowering internal threats by reintegrating several rebel groups, as well as in setting up institutions. Mr. Hervé Ladsous, Under Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, briefed the Council on the bombings which occurred on 3 November at the frontier between Sudan and South Sudan. He called upon both governments, who blame each other for interfering with their internal affairs by supporting rebel groups, to de-escalate the situation and rapidly hold talks to ease the tensions.The establishment of a common border surveillance system was more necessary than ever.

Following the briefing, the Security Council met in closed consultations on the matter.

- On 15 November 2011, the Security Council heard the fourth quarterly report by Miss Hilde Johnson, Special Representative and Head of the UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS). Progress had been made in overpowering internal threats by reintegrating several rebel groups, as well as in setting up institutions.

Mr. Hervé Ladsous, Under Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, briefed the Council on the bombings which occurred on 3 November at the frontier between Sudan and South Sudan. He called upon both governments, who blame each other for interfering with their internal affairs by supporting rebel groups, to de-escalate the situation and rapidly hold talks to ease the tensions. The establishment of a common border surveillance system was more necessary than ever.

Following the briefing, the Security Council met in closed consultations on the matter.

- On 8 December 2011, the Security Council met to hear a report by Hervé Ladsous, Under Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, on the situation in Abyei.

Mr. Ladsous depicted a fragile security situation, as the Sudanese and South-Sudanese troops still occupied the region. No progress had been made in the establishment of an administration area of the region and in the creation of a map establishing the non-militarized border areas.

UNIFSA pursued its efforts to carry out its mandate, with 2853 troops on the ground to ensure the region’s overall security. The number of troops was to be increased with the deployment of a third battalion on 11 December 2011.

During the closed consultations that followed, the French representative expressed his concern over the events at the border between Sudan and South Sudan. There could be no military solution to the tensions between the two countries. The rapid deployment of UNISFA’s forces on the ground preventing further violence, an extension of UNISFA’s mandate was necessary.

- On 14 December 2011, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2024 authorizing the MINUSS to monitor the border between Sudan and Southern Sudan.

- On 15 December, 2011, the Security Council met in the presence of the Permanent Representative of Sudan to hear a report from Luis Moreno-Ocampo, prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, on the activities of the ICC pursuant to resolution 1593.

Mr. Moreno-Ocampo recalled the obligation for the Sudanese government to cooperate to ensure that crimes committed in Darfur would come to an end. The three arrest warrants which had been enacted against President Bashir, Ahmed Harun, governor of South Kordofan and Ali Kushayb, had not been executed. Cooperation from the government was essential. He expressed his wish that his next report to the Security Council be an example of how to fight against crimes in the region.

During his statement, the Permanent Representative of Sudan rejected the ICC’s accusations, recalling that Sudan had not ratified the Rome Statute. He also refuted the use of the term “genocide” regarding the crimes committed in Darfur.

During the closed consultations that followed, the French representative expressed his concern over the lack of action from the Council regarding the non-cooperation of Sudan as the forced displacement of civilians as well as the acts of violence committed against them persisted.

- On 22 December 2011, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2032 which renews the mandate of the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) for five months.

- On 5 January 2012, the Security Council met to hear a briefing by Hervé Ladsous, Under Secretary General for Peacekeeping operations, on interethnic violence between Lou Nuer and Murle tribes in the State of Jonglei in Southern Sudan. France noted that while the United Nations, despite logistical difficulties, had to maintain a robust and deterrent presence on the field, maintaining public order was primarily a duty of the Government of Southern Sudan, which had to take action to put an end to violences which were likely to keep recurring.

- On 10 January 2012, the Security Council met to hear the quarterly report of the Secretary-General on UNAMID. The United Nations Secretary General recalled that the Doha Document for Peace was a basis for reaching peace in the country, but that the Darfur Regional Authority which was responsible for implementing it had not yet been formally established. Moreover, the conditions needed so that a political dialogue could take place were not met, given the increase in arbitrary arrests and violations of human rights.

During the closed consultations that followed, the French representative expressed his support to UNAMID in promoting the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, recalling that the effectiveness of such a process relied on the agreement of rebel groups to the Document. He expressed concerns over the security situation in Darfur, as the confrontations between the Sudanese forces and the rebel groups persisted, and as UNAMID was hindered in the achievement of its mission.

- On 17 January 2012, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear a report by Valerie Amos, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, in the presence of Mr. Antonio Guterres, High Commissioner for Refugees, on the situation in Sudan. Mrs. Amos noted that the lack of access to the country hindered any assessment of the crisis’ extent and the humanitarian assistance deliveries to the civilian populations, as hundreds of thousands had recently fled the conflict zones in South Kordofan and in the Blue Nile. She called for a strong statement from the Council supporting the access of the humanitarian help.

During his statement, the French representative supported the request made by Mrs Amos. The political efforts had to be pursued, as there was no military solution possible.

- On 9 and 10 February 2012, the Security Council heard the reports of Mr. Edmond Mulet, Under Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, on the situation in Abyei and of Mrs. Valerie Amos, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, after her visit in the region to assess the humanitarian needs. The security situation remained fragile, as the Sudanese and South Sudanese forces still occupied the region. Disagreements between the two countries persisted regarding the issue of border demarcation as well as the establishment of a civilian administration. The creation of a police force of its own in the Abyei region depended on the agreement of both parties on the matter. Despite its almost completed deployment, FISNUA was still hindered in its mobility and faced logistical constraints, preventing the full realization of its mandate.

During his statement, the French representative commended the early deployment of FISNUA, though deploring the obstacles it met. The demilitarization of the Abyei region was crucial to the creation of a civilian administration of the region.

- On 30 January 2012, the Security Council heard in private consultations the results of Assistant Secretary General for Operations Peacekeeping Edmond Mulet’s evaluation on the reduction of UNMISS troops.

- On 17 February 2012, the Security Coucil unanimously adopted resolution 2035 renewing for one year the mandate of the expert panel of the 1591 sanction committee.

- On 29 February 2012, the Security Council met in closed consultations to receive a report by Mr Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, on the situation in Sudan and South Sudan. Mr Ladsous reported several recent incidents at the border between the two countries where UNMISS could not access for security reasons. The relations between the parties remained complex and little progress had been made after the negotiations in Addis Abeba. He reiterated his call for both countries to implement a joint monitoring mechanism of the border.

In his statement, the French representative called for the cessation of violence and proposed the adoption of a presidential statement that would send a strong message to both parties. He called for a strengthened international presence in the areas of tensions.

- On 6 March 2012, the Security Council met to hear a statement by the President of the Council on the situation in Sudan and South Sudan, followed by statements from the representatives of both countries.

- On 15 March 2012, Special Representative of the Secretary-General Hilde Johnson and Under Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Herve Ladsous presented in closed consultations of the Security Council the situation in South Sudan. H. Ladsous mentionned some progress with the agreement signed in Addis Ababa by the authorities of both countries on border demarcation and status of populations.
The representative of France stressed the importance of the efforts required from the Government of Southern Sudan to protect its people and sign as soon as possible the peace consolidation plan developed with the support of UNMISS.

- On 21 March 2012, the Security Council heard a presentation of the report on the work of the Committee of sanctions against Sudan by the Permanent Representative of Colombia. The representative of France stressed that priority should be given to the effectiveness of existing sanctions.

- On 11 April 2012, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear Mr. Edmond Mulet, Under-Secretary General for Peacekeeping operations, on the situation in Abyei and at the border between Sudan and South Sudan.

The Sudanese army and the South Sudanese Police forces continued to occupy the Abyei region, and the process of implementing the agreement of June 20 was at a standstill. UNISFA continued its patrols to reduce the security risk over the entire area of operations, particularly in the areas of migration. Yet, M. Mulet noted serious border clashes between the two countries, the SPLA having seized the town of Heglig, greatly exacerbating political tensions in the light of the oil infrastructure therein.

The representative of France insisted a clear message be sent to both parties, calling for a cessation of violence and the implementation of the agreements signed between the two countries.

- On 12 April 2012, the Security Council adopted a presidential statement following the reports of the Secretary General on Sudan. The Council expressed its deep and growing concerns over the intensifying conflict between Sudan and South Sudan. Demanding that hostilities be fully and immediately ceased without any prior conditions, the Council requested from both the governments of Sudan and South Sudan to urgently and peacefully settle the fundamental issues of security and border management.

- On 17 April 2012, the Security Council met to hear Mr. Thabo Mbeki, President of the High-level Panel of the African Union on Sudan and Mr. Haile Menkerios, Special Envoy for Sudan and Southern Sudan, on the situation in both countries.

The occupation by the SPLA of the Heglig area, regarded as a humiliation by Sudan was an act of aggression and a violation of international law. South Sudan had made conditional the withdrawal of its forces on the deployment of an additional battalion of UNISFA in the area None of the parties considered talks anymore, and new areas at the border were disputed, in contradiction to the previously signed agreements. Growing tensions between the two countries represented a threat to peace and international stability, and any escalation of violence leading to a situation of war had to be avoided at all costs.

The Representative of France stressed that any reaction of the Security Council should call on South Sudan to withdraw its forces from Heglig.

- On 24 April 2012, the Security Council heard in closed consultations a report by Mr. Hervé Ladsous, Under Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations in the presence of Mr. Haile Menkerios, as well as Ms. Hilde Johnson by videoconference.

Bombings by Sudan had followed the withdrawal of the South Sudanese forces from Heglig and the humanitarian situation had significantly deteriorated due to the border conflicts. However, UNMISS did not have the capacity to contain these incidents and only a joint border monitoring mechanism could fulfill this role. He called on both parties to honor their commitments and resume negotiations.

The French Representative suggested that the Security Council should support the Ministerial Communiqué of the African Union Peace Council, so that it would serve as a basis to end the conflict. He called for a redeployment of UNMISS at the border to have a better understanding the situation.

- On 26 April 2012, the Security Council heard Mr. Hervé Ladsous, Under Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, on the situation in Darfur.

Due to a relative improvement of the security situation, particularly at the borders with Chad and Libya, a reconfiguration and a redeployment of UNAMID in risky areas had to be considered. However, concerns remained over the humanitarian situation, as UNAMID and humanitarian agencies were still hindered in their movements, despite the commitments from the Sudanese government. Mr. Ladsous condemned the deadly attacks committed against UNAMID on 20 April.

In closed consultations, the French Representative stood in favor of the proposed revision of the UNAMID numbers of troops.

- On 2 May 2012, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2046, providing its support to the crisis plan of action adopted at the ministerial level by the African Union Peace and Security Council.

In his explanation of vote, the Representative of France stressed that this action plan was now bestowed with the authority of a resolution under Chapter VII, as called for by the African Union. The Security Council expected of Sudan and Southern Sudan to cease hostilities immediately, to set up a demilitarized zone along their common border, and to withdraw their troops from the disputed region of Abyei. Sudan and Southern Sudan should also return to the negotiating table.

- On 16 May 2012, the Security Council heard in closed consultations Special Representative of the Secretary General, Haile Menkerios, who reported on the first steps taken by both parties in implementing resolution 2046.

The Representative of France highlighted the importance for the Security Council to ensure that both parties respect the requirements set by resolution 2046, or else the credibility of this latter would be compromised. The deadline imposed by the resolution having expired this day without all parties having initiated the withdrawal of their troops nor reopen bilateral talks, additional measures should be undertaken if these latter further failed at complying with their obligations.

- On 17 May 2012, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2047 renewing for six months the mandate of the UN interim security force for Abyei, UNISFA.

- On 29 May 2012, the Security Coucil met in closed consultations with Mr Hervé Ladsous, under-Secretary General of the United Nations for peacekeeping operations and Mr Haile Menkerios, special envoy to the Security General in Sudan and South Sudan, to examine the evolutions of the situation between these countries, as well as the challenges in the complete implementation of resolution 2046.

The Representative of France welcomed the pressure exercised by the Security Council and the African Union on both parties, which would have notably contributed in the resumption of talks and the withdrawal of belligerent forces from the Abyei area. Despite some notable improvements, the implementation of the resolution remained partial. A new resolution was not excluded if the parties did not show greater compliance on all elements set by resolution 2046.

- On 5 June 2012, the Security Council met in public session, at the request of France, to discuss the implementation of the resolution 1593, which referred the atrocities committed in Darfur to the International Criminal Court.

The Prosecutor of the ICC, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, noted that the government of Sudan had failed to comply with the resolution, as new crimes had been committed and arrest warrants against President Bashir and three prominent government personalities had not been implemented. He underlined that the impunity of Sudanese officials was a challenge to the authority of the Security Council and suggested that its members and regional organizations implement the arrest warrants.

The representative of France supported Mr Ocampo’s proposal to consider new judicial and operational initiatives and called upon Security Council members, in particular the state parties to the Rome statute, to comply with their commitments.

- On 14 June 2012, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear Mr Mulet, Assistant Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, and Mr Menkerios, Special Envoy of the Secretary General for Sudan and South Sudan, on the situation in these countries.

The Representative of France noticed that the security situation at the inter-Sudanese border had improved, but remain fragile, and that the talks between Sudan and South Sudan had resumed in Addis Abeba, but he regretted that the deadlines as set in resolution 2046 had not been respected yet. He called upon Sudan to agree to the UN/UA/Arab League tripartite plan to deliver aid in the regions of South Kordofan and Blue Nile, and he encouraged the immediate implementation of the mechanism of observation at the inter-Sudanese border, on which both parties agreed. Eventually, he recalled that failure to comply with resolution 2046 could lead to sanctions by the Security Council.

- On 18 June 2012, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the report of General Tesfay, FISNUA commander.

The representative of France noted the Council’s unity to recognize the improvement of the situation in Abyei. Nevertheless, he noticed a lack of willingness on the part of both parties, notably in terms of the withdrawal of the Sudanese oil police from the region of Diffra and of the establishement of the Abyei civil administration. In light of the persisting instability at the border and in order to promote the rapid implementation of the verification mechanism, France reiterated its support to the African Union mediation efforts.

- On 21 June 2012, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the quarterly briefing of the President of the Committee of sanctions against Sudan in pursuant to resolution 1591.

The Representative of France welcomed the quick resumption of the experts’ work but deplored that Sudan still denied them access to Darfur as it did not grant the experts with the necessary visas. If this situation were to continue, the Security Council should mention this issue in its next resolution on Darfur. The Representative of France reiterated his wish that the delegations which oppose to the publication of the last report of the Expert Group remove their objections, so that this report can be made public like any other report of the Experts Groups of the United Nations.

- On 28 June 2012, the Security Council examined in closed consultations the situation in Sudan and South Sudan.

On this occasion, the Representative of France underlined that the acceptance of the UN/AU/Arab League tripartite plan of emergency humanitarian access in South Kordofan, announced by the Sudanese government, went with a too large number of restrictive conditions to be really operational.

He also noted that if the expected progress were not to be made by 2 August (deadline set up by resolution 2046), the Security Council would have to recall to the parties that it may resort to international sanctions, in accordance with resolution 2046.

- On 3 July 2012, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay and Special Representative Hilde Johnson briefed the Security Council in closed consultations on the situation in Sudan and South Sudan.

The Representative of France welcomed the access to Sudan of the new independent expert on human rights. However, the security and humanitarian situation, notably in South Kordofan, Blue Nile and Darfur, remained of great concern.

The Representative of France also deplored the decision of the government of South Sudan to interrupt the oil production, which deteriorated the economic situation and limited the action of the UNMISS. Being unable to implement its development mission, the mission of the United Nations in Sudan should focus on the protection of civilians.

- On 5 July 2012, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2057 which extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) for one year.

- On 10 July 2012, the Security Council examined the situation in Sudan and South Sudan in closed consultations, in accordance with resolution 2046, adopted last May.

The border zone had been relatively calm and the armed and police forces of the two states had withdrawn from Abyei. However, despite bilateral talks in Addis Abeba on 5 July, the negotiations had not produced any tangible progress, three weeks before the deadline set up by resolution 2046.

The Representative of France called upon the Security Council to send a firm message to both parties so that they reach an agreement on the border delimitation and pursue talks on the issue of oil. The government of Sudan also had to ensure the delivery of humanitarian assistance to civil populations in South Kordofan and Blue Nile.

- On 24 July 2012, the Security Council held consultations on the situation in Darfour. Mr. Ibrahim Gambari, the Joint Special Representative and Joint Chief Mediator ad interim, reported about the African Union - United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID). The cooperation between the Government of Sudan and the Liberation and Justice Movement was improving, even if the transfer of funds by the Government to the Darfour Reconstruction and Development Fund was deferred. He expressed his concerns about the increase of arbitrary arrests and detentions cases recorded by UNAMID.

The French Representative stressed the necessity to promote the resumption of talks between the Government and non-signatory movements of the Doha peace agreement. He supported the proposed restructuration of the UNAMID.

- On 26 July 2012, the Security Council held consultations on the situation in South Sudan and Sudan after a briefing by Haile Menkerios, the Special Envoy for the region. He reported progress in the implementation of resolution 2046, even though an agreement had still to be found between Sudan and South-Sudan, before August 2nd.

- On 31 July 2012, the Security Council adopted resolution 2063, with 14 in favor and 1 abstention, extending for one year the mandate of the UNAMID.

- On 9 August 2012, the Security Council held an interactive dialogue to hear the briefing by Mr. Thabo Mbeki, President of the High-level Panel of the African Union on Sudan and Mr. Haile Menkerios, Special Envoy for Sudan and Southern Sudan, on the conflict between both countries and the situation in Abyei. They welcomed the improvement of the security situation and the recently signed agreement on oil.

Members of the Security Council urged Sudan to implement as soon as possible the agreement enabling the urgent delivery of humanitarian assistance to civilian populations in South Kordofan and Blue Nile regions and to implement all aspects of resolution 2046.

- On 23 August 2012, the Security Council met in private consultations on the situation in Soudan and South Soudan to hear the fortnightly briefing by the Assistant Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, Mr. Edmond Mullet. He regretted the lack of progress in the negotiation of a ceasefire but welcomed recent developments on the implementation of the agreement on humanitarian aid.

-  On 31 August 2012, the Security Council welcomed, in a presidential statement of the Security Council, the sharp decline in violence and tensions between the two countries. The Security Council also urged the parties to accept the map of the frontiers set forth by the mediation of Mr. Mbeki.

- On 6 September 2012, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the briefing of M. Menkerios, UN Special Envoy to Sudan and South Sudan, on the situation in these states.

Given the scale and urgency of the humanitarian situation in South Kordofan and the Blue Nile, the representative of France called upon the members of the Security Council to put pressure on the government of Sudan to stop setting down preconditions for the delivery of humanitarian aid in these two regions, in accordance with resolution 2046 and the messages contained in the presidential statement of 31 August. Negotiations were expected to bring some progresses before the deadline of September 22, particularly concerning the delimitation of the demilitarized border zone as proposed by the Panel of Experts of the African Union.

- On 20 September 2012, the Security Council held closed consultations on the situation in Sudan and South Sudan.

Two days before the deadline set by the roadmap of the African Union, the Security Council should support the efforts of the AU mediation and the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General to achieve a negotiated solution, including the acceptance by the Government of Sudan to the map proposed by the administrative Mbeki Panel on the North-South boundary.

- On 4 October 2012, the Security Council met in closed consultations to discuss the situation in Sudan and South Sudan.

The representative of France commended the agreements reached on September 27, 2012 between the presidents of both countries, thanks to the efforts of the Panel chaired by Thabo Mbeki. Their success would depend on their implementation. Negotiations should be pursued on the issues of demilitarization of the border area and status of Abyei. The representative of France also reiterated his call for the cessation of hostilities in the Blue Nile and South Kordofan regionas so that the humanitarian aid can be delivered.

- On 16 October 2012, the Security Council held a closed briefing on the situation in Sudan and in South Sudan.

The Representative of France underscored the need to maintain pressure on both governments for them to implement the agreements reached on September 27, 2012. He also condemned serious incidents in Kadougli, (capital of South Kordofan) and in the Blue Nile region, arisen on 8 October. Stopping military activities was necessary to help civilian populations.

- On 24 October 2012, the Security Council heard, in open meeting, the briefing about UNAMID made by Mr Edmond Mulet, Assistant Secretary General for peacekeeping operations. Mr. Mulet regretted the renewed violence in Sudan’s Darfur region and he condemned the deadly attack committed against UNAMID on 17 October, leaving one South African peacekeeper killed and three others wounded.

During the following private consultations, the Representative of France underlined the responsibility that had the Sudanese government to guarantee the freedom of movement and the safety of MINUAD’s troops.

- On 14 November, the Security Council heard, in an Arria meeting, President Thabo Mbeki, chair of the African Union High Level implementation Panel in Sudan.

The Representative of France supported the Panel’s efforts to solve the conflict and encouraged it to continue even though the process was slow. The negociations had to be pursued, as no solution could be found without the approval of both parties.

Nevertheless, a solution to the alarming situation in Kordofan had to be found as soon as possible.

- On 16 November 2012, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2075 extending the mandate of the UNISFA until 31 May 2013.

- On 28 November 2012, in an open meeting, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Hervé Ladsous presented the Secretary-General’s latest report on South Sudan.

During the following private consultations, the French representative expressed his concerns about the recent acts of violence committed against civilians in Jonglei. The Council should continue to demand that the agreement signed by Sudan and South Sudan in Addis-Abeba on 27 September be implemented without further delay.

- On 6 December 2012, Assistant Secretary General for peacekeeping operations Mr. Edmond Mulet briefed the Security Council on the situation between Sudan and South-Sudan, during closed consultations.

The French Representative, concerned about the lack of progress in the implementation by the parties of the Addis-Ababa Agreements, asked the Council to consider a possible new political initiative to stabilize the situation.

On the same day, the Ambassador of Colombia, as Chairman of the Sanctions Committee, presented to the Security Council the last report of the expert panel.
The representative of France praised the quality of work of the Panel, despite the difficult working conditions of its experts. He noted the lack of improvement of the security situation in Darfur and requested thus the report scheduled for January 2013 to establish responsibilities in the absence of implementation of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur.

- On 13 December 2012, the International Criminal Court (ICC) Prosecutor Mrs. Fatou Bensouda addressed the Security Council on Darfour issues. She expressed her great concerns about the non prosecution by the Sudanese government of individuals convicted by the Court.

In his statement, the French representative supported her call for an action of the Security Council in the aim of ending the crimes committed in the country, by condemning the non fulfilment of his duty to cooperate with the Court by Sudan, in violation of resolution 1593. A lasting peace could not be achieved as long as impunity remained.

- On 18 December 2012, Mr. Haile Menkerios, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General to Sudan and South Sudan, informed the Security Council about the status of negotiations between both governments on unsolved issues linked to the global peace agreement, especially on the final status of the Abyei region . He deplored the continuation of violence in the Sudanese regions of South Kordofan and the Blue Nile.

After noting the persistence of delays in the implementation of the 27 September agreements by the parties, the French representative reaffirmed the need for the Council to support the UA mediation efforts to facilitate an agreement between the two governments.

- On 8 January 2013, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the briefing of the Special Envoy to Sudan and South Sudan on the implementation of resolution 2046. Mr. Ging, chairman of OCHA, then briefed the Council on the situation of the people in Kordofan and the Blue Nile region.

The French Representative called upon the Council to express its concerns to the African Union, considering the unprecedented deterioration of the humanitarian situation.

- On 22 January 2013, Mr Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping operations, reported the Security Council on the results of recent negotiations between Sudan and South Sudan Presidents.

The representative of France urged the Council to support African Union efforts and to be patient: efforts had been noted in the implementation of 27 September agreements. However, in response to the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile, the Security Council had to consider all instruments provided by the resolution 2046 to ensure the urgent delivery of humanitarian aid.

- On 24 January 2013, Assistant Secretary General Edmond Mulet briefed the Security Council on UNAMID and the situation in Darfur, where he deplored the persistent humanitarian crisis.

During the following private consultations, the Representative of France reminded the obligation of the Sudanese government to guarantee, safely and without any restriction, the free movement of the Peacekeeping forces in order for them to protect the threaten people in the fighting zones.

- On 7 February 2013, the Security Council met in private consultations to hear a report by Mr. Edmont Mullet, Under Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, on the situation in Abyei. Mr. Menkerios then informed the members of the Council on the negotiations between Sudan and Southern Sudan. The representative of Argentina, which chaired the Sanctions Committee, also informed the Council on the Panel of Experts findings. The French representative regretted the lack of progress on the ground and invited the Council to examine the possibility of a redeployment within UNISFA .

- On 14 February 2013, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2091 renewing until February, 17. 2014 the mandate of the expert panel of the 1591 sanctions committee.

- On 21 February 2013, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear Mr Haile Menkerios, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Sudan and South Sudan. He exposed the situation between the two countries since the Addis Ababa Agreement of January 4th 2013. Mr Menkerios deplored the deterioration of the security situation, in particular in Kordofan and the Blue Nile regions and the rising tensions in the region of Abyei.

The French Representative regretted the lack of action from the Security Council as the situation had been slowly deteriorating between the two countries. He also urged the Security Council to express its support to the African Union efforts as was asked by the regional organization.

- On 12 March 2013, Mr. Hervé Ladsous and Mr. Haile Menkerios briefed the Security Council, gathered in closed consultations, on the situation at the border between Sudan and South Sudan.

The French representative welcomed the adoption by both States on 8 March of the implementation procedures for the 27 September 2012 agreements establishing a buffer zone at the border between them. Yet, the Security Council had to remain vigilant, as the achievements in the region had often proven fragile.

-  On 18 March 2013, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear Mr Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations on the security situation in Darfur. Despite the recent cessation of hostilities in the region, the situation was still very tense.

The representative of France said UNAMID had a duty to actively protect civilians and especially in the most affected areas. He stressed that the Security Council had to speak out on the situation in Darfur and send a strong message.

- On 21 March 2013, the Security Council met to hear the report of Mr. Martin Kobler, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of UNAMI. Mr. Kobler noted recent positive developments between Iraq and Koweit and welcomed the resumption of flights between Baghdad and Kuwait City.

During the private consultations that followed, the representative of France expressed concerns about the political and security situation in the country. He also stressed that the work of UNAMI was more necessary than ever to encourage the Iraqi authorities to reinforce institutions and the rule of law.

- On 9 April 2013, after five blue helmets and seven civilians working for the UN had been killed in an attack in Jonglei, the Security Council made a press statement condemning the incident and demanding the South Sudanese government to investigate it and to bring the perpetrators to justice.

- On 11 April 2013, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the reports of Mr. Yohannes Gebremeskel Tesfamariam, Head of UNISFA and Mr. Edmond Mulet, Assistant Secretary-General for peacekeeping operations on the situation in Abyei region.

The representative of France stressed that the main objective was now to demilitarize the border area to prevent tensions between Sudan and South Sudan. He highlighted that the cessation of hostilities and the immediate delivery of humanitarian aid in the region could not be done without Khartoum and the SPLM-N opening negotiations without any delay.

- On 29 April 2013, Mr Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, presented to the Security Council the Secretary-General report on recent political, security and humanitarian developments in Darfur.
Despite a few progresses in the implementation of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD), no inclusive political settlement had been achieved after 10 years of conflict. The conflict in Darfur had intensified, due to both inter-community standoff and sporadic clashes between the Government forces and armed groups. The deterioration of the security climate was worsening the humanitarian situation of civilian populations and had displaced more than 200,000 people since January.

During the following consultations, the representative of France strongly condemned the attack against UNAMID, which had killed one Nigerian soldier on April, 19 in Muhajeria. Freedom of movement of the Blue Helmets had to be granted by the government, without any restriction.

In the afternoon, Mr. Haile Menkerios informed the Security Council on the recent advances in the field of negotiations between Sudan and South Sudan. The French Representative welcomed the decision taken to open 10 cross-border points, as a follow-up to the 8 March conference, as well as the resumption of oil production.

- On 6 May 2013, the Security Council adopted a press statement condemning the attack against UNISFA by Misseiya elements, which led to the death of the Dinka leader and of an Ethiopian peacekeeper.

- On 9 May 2013, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operation Haile Menkerios informed the Council members, gathered in closed consultations, on the recent progress in the implementation of the Addis-Abeba agreements by the parties.

While on 4 May 2013, an attack against UNISFA by Misseriya elements had led to the death of an Ethiopian peacekeeper and of the Dinka leader (read the Security Council’s press statement), the French Representative reiterated its support to the UN interim force, which was the only legitimate force there, in the absence of the creation of a police. The situation in Abiyei remaining highly fragile, the French Representative invited the Council to reevaluate UNISFA’s action with the view to further strengthen it.

- On 16 May 2013, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the report of Argentina as Chairperson of the sanctions Committee of resolution 1591.
The representative of France called the Sudanese government to insure to the Panel of experts access and Freedom of movement in the country.

- On 23 May 2013, during closed consultations, the Security Council heard the briefing of Mr Edmont Mullet, Assistant-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, on recent fulfilments of the Agreement signed by Sudan and South Sudan on 27 September 2012 in Addis-Ababa.

The representative of France stressed the need for UNISFA to ensure the demilitarization of Abyei and the protection of civilians within.

- On 29 May 2013, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2104, renewing UNISFA mandate for 6 months.

- On 5 June 2013, Fatou Bensouda, the International Criminal Court chief prosecutor, presented a report to the Security Council on the situation in Sudan and South Sudan, in application to resolution 1593. She particularly denounced the persistent crimes perpetrated by individuals already subject to prosecution.

Given the regain of violence in the region and the insecurity affecting humanitarian actors and civilian populations, the representative of France called for a full and effective cooperation of States in the pursuit of criminals, so that no crime remains unpunished.

The Security Council also met in closed consultations to hear M. Haile Menkerios, Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan, who reaffirmed the responsibility of belligerents to ensure the safety of civilians as well as the delivery of humanitarian aid.

- On 20 June 2013, the Security Council heard in closed consultations Mr. Hervé Ladsous, Head of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, and Ms. Valerie Amos, Head of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), who both reported a deterioration of the political, humanitarian and security situations in Sudan and South Sudan.

- On 8 July 2013, Hilde Johnson, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and head of the UN mission in South Sudan briefed the Security Council, as the country prepares to celebrate its second anniversary.

During following consultations behind closed doors the representative of France called on the Council to increase pressure on the South Sudanese authorities to continue to build a viable state and better meet the expectations of their population.

- On 11 July 2013 the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2019 renewing the mandate of UNSMIS for six months and heard in private consultations the report of the Under Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations on the situation between the two countries.

- On 15 July 2013, the Security Council met in closed consultations in the presence Mr. Dimitri Titof, Assistant Secretary-General for UN Peacekeeping Operations, following the recent attack that killed seven UNAMID staff members and injured 17 others. In a press statement, the Security Council strongly condemned the attack and called for a rapid investigation to ensure that those responsible be brought to justice.

- On 24 July 2013, the Security Council heard the report of Mr. Chambas, Special Representative for Darfur, Head of UNAMID and Joint Chief Mediator, who stated that only an inclusive political dialogue addressing the legitimate grievances of the Darfurians, would put an end to the persistent violence. He also called reluctant movements to join the national reconciliation process and to take part in the peace talks.

During the consultations that followed, the representative of France deplored the deterioration of the humanitarian and security situation in the country and called upon all parties to ensure the protection of UNAMID staff members.

- On 24 July 2013, the Security Council heard in closed consultations the report of Mr. Haile Menkerios, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Sudan and South Sudan, who declared that despite mutual accusations of supporting rebel groups, the two parties should resume negotiations, including on the question of the status of Abyei, and avoid any action that could undermine their common interests.

The representative of France deplored the announcement by Khartoum, of the shutdown of its pipelines and called upon Sudan to reconsider this decision that could have serious consequences on the economy of South Sudan.

- On 30 July 2013, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2113 renewing for one year UNAMID’s mandate.

- On 7 August 2013, the Security Council heard in closed consultations the report of Mr. Edmond Mulet, Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, who deplored the absence of agreement between Sudan and South Sudan on the status of Abyei. He also expressed concern about the increase in the number of weapons in circulation in the region.

The representative of France said that the Sudanese government’s decision to postpone the closure of the pipeline carrying the southern Sudanese oil to Port Sudan was a good step, but remained insufficient and conflicted with the agreement signed in March establishing specific dispute settlement mechanisms. He also expressed concern about the persistent instability in Abyei and called for the resumption of negotiations to the establishment of the interim institutions of the region.

- On 22 August 2013, the Security Council heard in private consultations Mr. Haile Menkerios, Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan. On the issue of the diplomatic relations between the two countries, he reported encouraging signs, such as the announced postponement of the closure of the pipeline carrying southern Sudanese oil to the Red Sea, as well as the planed bilateral meeting between the two Head of State. However the tensions between the two states are persisting. Instability in the disputed region of Abyei remains preoccupying with a real risk of escalation especially since the death of the paramount Dinka chief in May 2013. The mutual allegations of support to the different rebel groups also stir up tensions between the two states, threatening the security of the whole region. Finally, the humanitarian, security and human rights situation in the regions of Kordofan and Blue Nile (Sudan) as well as in the state of Jonglei (South Sudan) remains strongly preoccupying.

Regarding the humanitarian crisis in Jonglei (South Sudan), the representative of France called all parties to the conflict to allow immediate and full humanitarian access. Important intertribal violence has caused the displacement of more than 100.000 people who have taken refuge in the bush and whose needs in food, shelter, water and basic healthcare are not covered. He also deplored the repeated human right violations against civilians.

Regarding the relations between Sudan and South-Sudan, the representative of France mainly reiterated the positions expressed during the last meeting on 7 August 2013. Following this meeting, a presidential statement was adopted.

- On 22 August 2013, the ambassador of Argentina presented her report of the Sanctions Committee on the Sudan (1591 Committee) to the members of the Security Council, in her capacity as Chair of the Committee. During these closed consultations, the representative of France welcomed the improvement of the administrative cooperation between the Sudanese government and the group of experts of the Sanctions Committee. He nevertheless expressed concern at the restriction on movement imposed by the Sudan on the panel, which prevented it from carrying out its research and thereby fulfilling its mission. The representative of France recalled the obligation that rests on the Sudan to cooperate with the experts.

-  On 5 September 2013, Mr. Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations briefed in closed consultations the Security Council on the issue of Sudan and South Sudan. Mr. Ladsous welcomed the improvement of the diplomatic relations between the two states, marked by the meeting of the two Heads of State in Khartoum on September 3rd. The decision of Khartoum to suspend the closing of the oil pipeline and the one of Juba to support the Sudanese debt relief request both represent significant progress. However, two issues remain obstructed: the mutual support to the different rebel groups and the delimitation of the zero line, which determines a demilitarized zone between Sudan and South Sudan. The situation in this border zone remains very volatile according to Mr. Ladsous. The persistent will of Juba to unilaterally conduct a referendum on Abyei’s status fuels tensions, especially while both parties are trying to influence the region’s demography.

During these consultations, France welcomed the suspension of the closure of the oil pipeline. France added however that the fluctuating tensions prevent any long lasting improvement of the bilateral relations. The Representative of France called on both parties to fully cooperate in the framework of existing mechanisms. He also expressed his concerns at the risks of escalation, especially in Abyei. He therefore called the two states to resume negotiations to establish interim institutions in Abyei, such as the police.

- 18 September 2013. The Security Council met in a closed meeting to hear the report of the Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan. Despite the welcomed political improvements, like the meeting between the two Heads of State beginning of September, Mr. Menkerios recalled that important tensions remain between the two states. No progress was made in the establishment of temporary institutions in Abyei and the issue of the referendum has not been solved yet. Finally, the delimitation of the demilitarized zone between the two states is still being debated.

The Representative of France expressed concerns about the increase of tensions in Abyei. They could once again endanger the relations between the two countries. He reiterated his call to both parties that they resume dialogue in order to establish temporary institutions in the area.

- 10 October 2013. Mr. Hervé Ladsous, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations and Mr. Yohannes Gebremeskel Tesfamariam, Head of Mission and Force Commander of the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA), briefed the Security Council in closed consultations on the issue of Sudan and South Sudan. Once again, the security situation in Abyei raised serious concerns. The absence of police forces or temporary institutions in the region maintains a security vacuum that only increases the risks of escalation. The members of the Security Council also expressed their concerns on the outbreak of poliomyelitis cases in the regions of Blue-Nile and South-Kordofan. Facing this sanitary emergency, a vaccination campaign targeting children was announced for the month of November by the Sudanese government. Its implementation requires a cease-fire with the rebel groups of the SPLM-North.

- On 14 October 2013, the Security Council condemned in a press statement the attack by unidentified armed assailants on an African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) military observer in El Fasher, North Darfur, on 11 October, in which a Zambian military observer was killed, and the attack by unidentified armed assailants on a UNAMID convoy near El Geneina, West Darfur, on 13 October, in which three Senegalese peacekeepers were killed and one was wounded.

- On 11 October 2013, the Security Council expressed in a press statement their concern at the imminent threat of the spread of polio through South Kordofan, and the continuing outbreak of polio in the Horn of Africa.

- On 23 October 2013, the Security Council met in a public meeting followed by closed consultations to hear the reports, by VTC, of Mr. Mohamed Ibn Chambas, joint Special Representative, Head of UNAMID, and of Mr. Hervé Ladsous, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, on the situation in Darfur.

Mr. Chambas deplored the substantial deterioration of the security situation and strongly condemned the attacks on UNAMID, in particular those of 13 October that caused the death of 3 Senegalese peacekeepers. He called on the Sudanese Government to act quickly to bring to justice those responsible. He expressed concern about displacement of many civilians. He regretted the slow pace of implementation of the Doha document for the peace in Darfur. He called for the continuation of the dialogue with non-signatory movements in order to seek a comprehensive solution.

Mr. Ladsous also noted limited progress in the peace process, as well as a very precarious humanitarian situation. He reiterated UNAMID determination to protect civilians, to help improve the humanitarian situation and to support the peace process. He requested that freedom of movement of UNAMID in Darfur be fully respected.

The Representative of France expressed concerns at the deterioration of the security and humanitarian situation. He proposed a strategic thinking on United Nations and Security Council action in Darfur.

- On 24 October 2013, Mr. Tayé-Brook Zerihoun, Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs, briefed in closed consultations the Security Council on the issue of Sudan and South Sudan. Despite positive elements, like the meeting between the two Heads of State in Juba on 22 October and the visit of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union in Abyei scheduled for 26 and 27 October, important tensions remain. The security and humanitarian situation in Abyei remains at the heart of the concerns, while the status of the region still remains uncertain. Mr. Zerihoun reiterated his call to both parties to refrain from any unilateral decision.

The Representative of France was not really optimistic as for reaching an early agreement between the two parties. He encouraged efforts on short-term objectives by resolving first the issue of setting up an interim administration in Abyei, before addressing the issue of the final status.

- On 25 October 2013, Mr. Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, briefed in closed consultations the Security Council on the latest developments in Jonglei State, in South Sudan. He reported an attack by armed groups on 20 October, in which civilians have been killed and injured, women and children abducted, cattle stolen and houses burnt, and presented the action of UNMISS.

The Representative of France condemned the cycle of violence caused by these attacks and expressed the wish that the attackers will be found so they can be brought to justice without delay. He also welcomed the speed of the UNMISS humanitarian service which intervened in Jonglei on the same day to provide medical assistance and evacuate the wounded. However, he requested further information about the mission reconfiguration in order to focus more on Jonglei, the situation in this area remaining extremely precarious.

- On 6 November 2013, the Security Council heard in closed consultations Mrs. Margaret Carey, Director of the Africa Division of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, on violence against United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) officials.

During the meeting, the Representative of France strongly condemned these attacks. He also expressed concern about the impunity of perpetrators.

- On 11 November 2013, Mr. Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations and Mr. John Ging, Director of Operations of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), briefed in closed consultations the Security Council on the issue of Sudan and South Sudan, in particular on the implementation of Resolution 2046, on the Inter-Sudanese tensions on the final status of Abyei, and on concerns about the humanitarian situation in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile regions.

The Representative of France expressed concerns about the organization of a unilateral referendum in Abyei by only Dinka Ngok community and has encouraged restraint on the ground. Priority should be given to the establishment of transitional institutions and a police service in order to improve security. A closer dialogue between Sudan and South Sudan was also needed. Finally, the Representative of France called for support to the African Union and welcomed the Peace and Security Council‘s visit to Abyei last week. On the humanitarian situation, he highlighted the scale of the needs and expressed concerns about obstacles placed by both parties to the vaccination campaign against poliomyelitis, which could not take place despite efforts of the United Nations.

- On 18 November 2013, the Security Council heard the report of Mrs. Hilde Johnson, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and head of the UN mission in South Sudan (UNMISS). Regarding inter-community violence in Jonglei State, UNMISS was looking to increase its capacities for rapid response and warning and to pre-position more troops in areas that pose a major threat. The Special Representative also expressed concerns about human rights violations by security forces of South Soudan (excessive uses of force, arbitrary killings, prolonged cases of arbitrary detention, violations of the freedom of association, of circulation …). UNMISS had urged the government to take immediate action in order to bring those responsible to justice. Security sector reform and transformation of armed forces were to have been carried out. Efforts to transform f police structures have been carried out.

During the consultations that followed, the Permanent representative of France expressed concerns concerning the rise in the number of inter-communal conflict in Jonglei State. Concerning human right violations, including against UNMISS, pressure had to be maintained on the authorities of South Sudan, so that those responsible be held accountable for their crimes.

- On 20 November, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the quarterly report of the Sudan sanctions Committee, chaired by Argentina.

France expressed concerns about the situation in Darfur that was deteriorating. The political process and the Doha document for peace in Darfur were not progressing. Sudan had to make efforts to implement the individual sanctions mandated by the United Nations. France also expressed concerns about the unsatisfactory co-operation of the Government of Sudan with the expert group. Finally, France welcomed the work of investigation on the attacks against UNAMID personnel last July. Impunity must end.

- On 25 November 2013, the Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2126 which extends the mandate of the UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) for six months. During the briefings that followed, the representatives of Sudan and South Sudan recalled that Abyei was a constant source of tension between the two countries. UNISFA should continue to maintain security and support there efforts to resolve the final status issue.

- 25 November 2013. The Security Council adopted a press statement condemning the attack by unidentified armed assailants on an UNAMID patrol near Kabkabiya, North Darfur, on 24 November, which resulted in the death of one Rwandan peacekeeper.

- On 17 December 2013, the Security Council adopted a press statement expressing serious concern over the fighting that began on 15 December and is ongoing in the capital city of Juba and other areas in South Sudan that has reportedly resulted in large numbers of casualties, as well as over the risk of targeted violence against certain communities.

-  On 20 December 2013, Mr. Edmond Mulet, Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, briefed in closed consultations the Security Council on the situation in South Sudan. The Permanent Representative of France expressed concerns about the gravity of the situation. The political crisis had an ethnic dimension which was a source of increasing concern. Every effort should be made to avoid the evolution into a civil war. The permanent representative expressed his full support for the mediation efforts of the countries in the region and welcomed the Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD) approach. An immediate reaction by the Security Council was necessary.

Following this meeting, a presidential statement was adopted.

- 23 December 2013: The UN Security Council held an emergency meeting behind closed doors on the crisis in South Sudan. Mr Edmond Mulet, Assistant Secretary General for Peacekeeping, briefed Security Council members on the worsening security and humanitarian situation on the ground. He also referred to the request -made a few minutes earlier by the Secretary General to the UNSC- to authorize a reinforcement of UNMISS by 5500 peacekeepers and 6 helicopters (through redeployments from other PKOs).

During the meeting, the Permanent Representative of the US circulated a draft Security Council resolution aimed at authorizing the SG to reinforce UNMISS.

The Permanent Representative of France assured UNMISS of the strong support of the UNSC and raised concern at violence in South Sudan. He supported the US draft resolution and called for its swift adoption in order to allow the Secretary General to respond to the situation on the ground without delay.

Read the remarks to the press made by the Permanent Representative of France following the meeting.

- On 30 December 2013, the Security Council met in closed consultations to be briefed on the security and humanitarian crisis in South Sudan by Mrs Hilde Johnson, UN Special Representative in Juba and head of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS). The Under Secretary General for Peacekeeping, Mr Hervé Ladsous, also briefed Council members on the ongoing redeployments of troops authorized by the Council in order to reinforce UNMISS.

After the meeting, the Permanent Representative of France addressed the press as President of the Council.

The Security Council also agreed on a press statement on the situation in South Sudan.

- On 9 January 2014, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear a briefing on the situation in Sudan and South Sudan by Mr. Hervé Ladsous, Under Secretary General for Peacekeeping, and, by VTC, by Mr. Haile Menkerios, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Sudan and South Sudan, as well as by Mrs. Hilde Johnson, UN Special Representative in Juba and head of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS).

The permanent representative of France noted an appalling situation, both parties continuing to prefer the military option. It continued to have a daily direct effect on the deterioration of the humanitarian situation, with the death of thousands of innocent people and the increase of the number of refugees on the UNMISS bases. The ethnic dimension also continued to be a huge concern. The danger of a civil war threatened the country and the United Nations should send a firm message to both parties, namely their intransigence over the protection of civilians and their fight against massive human rights violations. The permanent representative welcomed the fact that the first reinforcement troops of UNMISS, such as Nepalese and Kenyans, were en route but it was primarily the job of parties on the ground to stop violence.

Following this meeting, the President of the Security Council made on 10 January 2014 a press statement.

- On 23 January 2014, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the briefing on the crisis in South Sudan by Mr. Simonovic, Under Secretary-General for Human Rights, and, by VTC, by Mrs. Hilde Johnson, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and head of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS).

The permanent representative of France expressed concerns about the particularly alarming abuses reported by Mr. Simonovic, which could not go unpunished. In this regard, he welcomed the decision of the African Union to put in place a committee of inquiry and called for its rapid deployment. All parties to the conflict should also ensure immediate and unhindered humanitarian access to populations in need. The permanent representative condemned the continuing violations of the UNMISS Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) by the authorities of South Sudan, as well as the violent campaign against UNMISS and the Special Representative, and reaffirmed its support to UNMISS, whose action allowed to avoid larger scale massacres. Finally, he recalled that the signature of a cease fire agreement was only a starting point. It was its implementation that would constitute the real test of the parties’ good faith, with the holding of a real inclusive political dialogue. The Security Council needed to send a message to the parties to support its launching without delay.

Following the meeting, the Security Council adopoted a Press statment.

- On 23 January 2014, Mr Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations briefed the Security Council on activities of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation (UNAMID) in Darfur as well as on the security and humanitarian situation in the region. Mr Ladsous exposed deep concern at the increasing number of peace keepers killed in Darfur in 2013. He called on the Government of Sudan to investigate on those crimes. Mr Ladsous reported slow progress on the peace process since the 2011 Doha agreements. The humanitarian situation deteriorated in 2013 with a more difficult access to resources and increased population displacements. During closed consultations, the French Permanent Representative regretted the deterioration of the security situation in Darfur which exposed especially the civilian population. He deplored the stalemate of the peace process and encouraged a robust action by UNAMID for the protection of civilians.

- On 11 February 2014, the Security Council met in private consultations to discuss the situation in Sudan and the crisis in South Sudan. Mr Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Ms Valerie Amos, Under-Secretary-General in charge of Humanitarian Affairs, and Ms Hilde Johnson, Special Representative of the Secretary-General, briefed the Council. On the situation in Sudan, the Permanent Representative of France supported the continuation of talks between SPLM-North and the Government of Sudan under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD). Mr Araud stated that he encouraged the creation of a commission of inquiry and supported the African Union’s initiative to investigate the crimes committed during clashes between the Sudanese government and the SPLM-North. On South Sudan, the Permanent Representative worried about the level of violence reported by UN representatives as well as about the situation of IDPs. He commended the efforts of UNMISS which provided shelter to the internally displaced.

- On 11 February 2014, the Security Council met in private consultations to discuss the implementation of the 1591 sanctions regime in Darfur. The Permanent representative of Argentina and head of the sanctions committee, Maria Cristina Perceval, gave an account of the work of the sanctions committee as well as of the situation on the ground following her visit to Khartoum. The Permanent representative of France expressed concern at the worsening of the situation in Darfur. He regretted that Sudan was not cooperating more in the implementation of the sanctions. He expressed concern about repeated attacks against UNMID convoys. He called for a national dialogue in Sudan. He supported the renewal of the mandate of the panel of experts by the adoption of resolution 2138 on 12 February 2014.

- On 13 February 2014, the Security Council adopted a press statement in which it expressed it support to the IGAD (Intergovernmental Authority on Development) mediation effort and welcomed the commencement of the second round of the political talks between South Sudan leaders on 11 February.

- On 14 February 2014, the Security Council adopted a press statement welcoming the resumption of negotiations on 13 February between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement–North (SPLM-N) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, under the auspices of the African Union High-level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) and the parties’ reported commitment to the talks. The members of the Security Council underscored their calls upon the Government of Sudan and SPLM-N to cease hostilities, engage in direct and constructive talks without conditions, and make the necessary concessions to reach agreement on ending the conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile States of Sudan in accordance with provisions of United Nations Security Council resolution 2046 (2012).

- On 12 March 2014, the Security Council met in private consultations to discuss the situation in Sudan and the crisis in South Sudan. Mr Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, and Mr. Menkerios, Special Representative to the African Union, briefed the Council.

The Permanent Representative of France expressed concern at the seriousness of the crisis in South Sudan that froze any possibility of progress in the settlement of cross border disputes between Sudan and South Sudan. He called for an overall review of the United Nations presence in the region.

- On 13 March 2014, during closed consultations held by the Security Council, Mr Hervé Ladsous, Head of the UN Peacekeeping Operations Department, presented the strategic review of the African Union/United Nations Hybrid operation in Darfur (UNAMID).

The Permanent Representative of France supported the strategic priorities proposed by the Secretary-General: the protection of civilians, the political mediation and humanitarian aid. More specifically, the meeting considered the possible reduction of the UNAMID mission which is, as of today, the second most important peacekeeping mission in terms of peacekeeping soldiers and financial costs. The next report from the Secretary-General on the matter is expected due on 16 April.

- On 18 March 2014, the Security Council met to discuss the conflict in South Sudan following up the recent violent events and the action of the UNMISS (United Nations Mission in South Sudan).

During the presentation of his report, Mr Hervé Ladsous, Head of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, expressed deep concern at the continuation of hostilities between South Sudanese parties. He condemned the provocations and obstacles from the South Sudanese government against the UNMISS. Considering this, as recommended by the Secretary-General, the UNMISS would cease its support to the South Sudanese government and focus on the protection of civilians.

During the closed consultations that followed, the Permanent Representative of France expressed concern at the collapse of the state of South Sudan. He supported the recommendations of the Secretary-General’s report which included a refocusing of the UNMISS action on its priority missions. A press statement by Luxembourg was adopted at the end of the consultations.

- On 3 April 2014, one month after the presentation by the Secretary General of UNAMID’s strategic review, the members of the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2148 that calls for this strategic review’s full and immediate implementation and provides in particular that UNAMID’s mandate be refocused on three priorities – protection of civilians, support for the inclusive political process and support for local mediations-.

During the closed consultations that followed, the members of the Security Council met around the Joint Special Representative, Mr. Chambas. The Representative of France expressed concerns about the security situation on the ground since February, with violence involving the regular army, the rebels or tribal groups, and affecting mostly the civilian population. A local, regional and national approach had to be reconciled by encouraging ceasefire and mediation’s efforts, the implementation of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur and a more global vision of conflict in Sudan. In this regard, the Representative called the Sudanese authorities to quickly implement the inclusive national dialogue announced by President Bashir.

- During private consultations held by the Security Council on the situation in Sudan and in South Sudan on 10 April 2014, Mr Hervé Ladsous, Head of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, and Mr Haile Menkerios, Special Representative to African Union, presented the situation on the ground.

The Permanent Representative of France expressed concern at the ongoing instability in South Sudan for the past several weeks. He was especially worried that the cease-fire was not respected between the government of South Sudan and the rebels, and that the political process was frozen. He supported a revision of the UNMISS (United Nations Mission in South Sudan) mandate so it would focus on the protection of civilians.

- On 18 April 2014, the Security Council adopted a press statement condemning the recent attacks by armed groups in South Sudan that have purposefully targeted civilians as well as the UNMISS sites and personnel, in particular the 17 April attack against the UNMISS compound in Bor that resulted in scores of dead and injured, including those seeking the shelter and protection of the United Nations, and the 14 April attacks in Bentiu and Unity State.

- On 23 April 2014, the members of the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear Mr. Ladsous, Deputy Secretary-General, on the latest fighting and violence in Jonglei and in Upper Nile States, as well as Mr. Simonovic, Under Secretary-General for Human Rights, on human rights violations in the country.

The Permanent Representative of France deplored the gravity of the attack on the UNMISS base in Bor and of mass atrocities against civilians in Bentiu. Despite the efforts of the Security Council and IGAD, both parties appeared unwilling to negotiate and atrocities would continue. He supported the American proposal to establish a sanctions regime for South Sudan and raised the possibility for the Security Council of referring the situation to the International Criminal Court. Finally, UNMISS had to focus exclusively on the protection of civilians and give up its support to the government, party to the conflict.

Following these consultations, the Council adopted a press statement condemning the recent attacks by armed in South Sudan that resulted in scores of dead and injured.

- In presence of Mr Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, and of Mr Rahamtalla Mohamed Osman Alnor, Permanent Representative of Sudan, the Security Council gathered on 24 April 2014 to hear the report of the Secretary-General on the situation in Darfur and on UNAMID (African Union/United Nations Hybrid operation in Darfur).

During his presentation, Mr Ladsous reported a surge of violence in Darfur essentially due to actions taken by the pro-government militia RSF (Rapid Support Force). As a consequence, the humanitarian situation greatly deteriorated since the beginning of the year. Mr Ladsous confirmed that from now on UNAMID’s mandate would focus on the protection of civilians and of the humanitarian personnel, as well as on the mediation between the Sudanese government and the groups that had not signed the Doha agreement.

During the private consultations that followed, the Permanent Representative of France regretted the degradation of the situation in Darfur. He expressed concern at the obstacles against the free circulation of UNAMID as well as at the unsuccessful national dialogue –as of today. He regretted the insufficient reactivity of UNAMID to this situation. He renewed his support to a restructuration of its mandate which should essentially focus on the protection of civilians.

At the end of these consultations, a press statement was adopted by the Security Council.

- On 2 May 2014, the members of the Security Council met around Mrs. Navi Pillay, High Commissioner for Human Rights, and Mr. Dieng, Special Adviser of the Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide, to hear them on the human rights situation in South Soudan, following their visit to the country.

Mrs. Pillay noted a drastic deterioration of the situation, with serious violations of human rights and of international humanitarian law. A cycle of reprisals was engaged, with a worsening in the last few weeks of ethnic violence targeted against civilians in Bentiu and Bor. The humanitarian situation was of equal concern, with the increase in the number of internally displaced persons and imminent danger of large-scale famine. This dramatic situation had to be attributed to both parties who were manipulating the ethnic drift of the conflict with their own personal interests in mind. Mrs. Pillay called for accountability through independent and transparent investigations in accordance with international law. The State needed to recognize that it had the responsibility to protect its population whatever their ethnicity.

All members of the Security Council deplored the gravity of the situation and expressed their determination to put an end to these atrocities. They called for a review of the mandate of UNMISS in order to focus on the protection of civilians, unhindered access to humanitarian needs and respect for human rights. Dialogue being the only possible solution, it was up to the Council to put pressure on the parties in order to have allow a political settlement with a view to resolving this crisis peacefully. Council members stressed their support to the IGAD mediation efforts and called for an immediate meeting between President Kiir and former President Machar. Finally, the fight against impunity being a priority, some Council members were in favor of targeted sanctions against leaders. According to the Permanent Representative of France, referral to the International Criminal Court had to be considered.

- On 8 May 2014, the Security Council held private consultations on the situation in South Sudan and on the UNMISS mandate (United Nations Mission in South Sudan).

Mr Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for peacekeeping operations, Ms Hilde Johnson, Special Representative of the Secretary-General in South Sudan, and General Ahmed Maqsood, military adviser for peacekeeping operations, presented the latest developments on the security, humanitarian and political situation in South Sudan.

The Permanent Representative of France expressed caution on the announced progress: the one-month humanitarian truce as well as the coming meeting between president Kiir and Riek Machar in Addis Abeba. The humanitarian and security situation remained unstable. He renewed his support to UNMISS. He supported focusing its mandate on the protection of civilians, and reminded that it would be appropriate to envisage sanctions against those responsible for violations of human rights, and mentioned the possibility of a referral to the International Criminal Court.

- On 12 May 2014, the members of the Security Council met around Mr. Ban Ki-moon, United Nations Secretary-General, and Mr. Francis Deng, South Sudanese Permanent Representative, to hear them on the ongoing crisis in South Sudan.

The Secretary-General mentioned a very precarious situation, with a worrying level of violence, as well as a very dire humanitarian situation and a high risk of starvation. In this regard, he established five priorities: an immediate cessation of hostilities with a one month truce, seeding land being crucial to prevent starvation; that the parties allow humanitarian access by air, land and sea; the support of the international community to humanitarian action and to the conference of donors for South Sudan; the need of justice, the final report of UNMISS having mentioned crimes against humanity; the commitment of leaders to an inclusive political process. The Permanent Representative of South Sudan welcomed the meeting between President Kiir and former President Machar who signed on 9 May the a framework agreement providing in particular for an immediate cessation of hostilities and the opening of a humanitarian corridor.

During the closed consultations that followed, the Permanent representative of France deplored, along with the other members of the Security Council, an unprecedented crisis in terms of severity, with 80 000 refugees in United Nations camps and 3, 200 000 people in need of humanitarian assistance. There was a need to respect the 9 May agreement and, in the event of an infringement, to consider the establishment of sanctions. Consideration had to be given as well to a referral to the ICC to punish the most serious crimes.

- On 19 May 2014, the members of the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the Commander of UNISFA, Major General Tesfamariam and, by VTC, the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General, Mr. Menkerios, on the latest developments in Abyei and on the relationship between Sudan and South Sudan.

The Permanent Representative of France expressed concern about the “complete political paralysis” denounced by the Secretary-General. The agreement between the two countries on Abyei was not implemented and the civil war prevented any resumption of talks between Sudan and South Sudan, which placed the whole administrative responsibilities of the region on the Force of the United Nations. The Permanent Representative supported the renewal of UNISFA for four months recommended by the Secretary-General. Concerning the Joint Verification and Monitoring Mechanism, the personal should not be deployed as long as the mechanism had not been implemented. Finally, IGAD should be given a mandate primarily devoted to the protection of civilians and to be under the chain of command of the United Nations.

- On 20 May 2014, the Permanent Representative of Argentina and head of the sanctions committee 1591 on Soudan presented the experts’ report to the Security Council during closed consultations.

The Permanent Representative of France expressed concern at the violation of the arms embargo in Sudan. He called for the Sudanese authorities to cooperate with the group of experts.

- On 27 May 2014, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2155. This resolution focuses the mandate of UNMISS (United Nations mission in South Sudan) on protection of civilians.

- On 10 June 2014, members of the Security Council met during private consultations to hear the report of Special Envoy to the Secretary-General Menkerios, on Sudan and South Sudan.

In Sudan, the situation in South Kordofan and in the Blue Nile kept on deteriorating. There was a gap between the government’s initiative to launch a national dialogue and the reality on the ground.

The Permanent Representative of France expressed concern at the start of a negative dynamic in Khartoum, coming from partisans of a strong line. In South Sudan, the situation on the ground kept on deteriorating. The quick deployment of IGAD soldiers within UNMISS was necessary to ensure the implementation of the cease-fire as well as for the protection of civilians. The Permanent Representative renewed his support to IGAD, gathered at a summit in Addis. Regarding relations between Sudan and South Sudan, the UN had an essential role to to support an agreement on the joint verification mechanism and border surveillance.

- On 17 June 2014, the Security Council heard the 19th report from the ICC prosecutor, Mrs Fatou Bensouda, on the situation in Darfur.

Mrs Bensouda called for the UN and the Council to take concrete measures against the increasing violence against civilians in Darfur. She said she would like the UN to answer the allegations of withheld information by UNAMID (United Nations and African Union Mission in Darfur). She asked that the government of Sudan implements the ICC warrants against those who committed crimes, including Omar al-Bashir.

The Permanent Representative of France regretted the current threats against civilians in Darfur. He called for a true commitment to the fight against impunity, and especially for the arrest of Omar al-Bashir.



Bookmark and Share
Bookmark and Share
Rss
Organisation des Nations Unies Présidence de la République France Diplomatie La France à l'Office des Nations Unies à Genève Union Européenne Première réunion de l'ONU