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Myanmar




1. Latest developments Retour à la table des matières


- On 17 April 2014, the members of the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the Special Representative of the Secretary General, Mr. Nambiar, on the latest developments in Myanmar.

The Representative of France welcomed the way the Special Representative had facilitated dialogue between the government and armed groups to launch the peace process. We were now in a historical period of transition. The Representative of France however recalled that vigilance needed to prevail in pursuing peace negotiations and regarding the democratic process itself. She also expressed concerns about the human rights situation in East Arkham and about the inter-communal violence. She urged the government to play its role in the easing of tensions.

- On 16 April 2013, Mr. Nambiar, Special Adviser to the Secretary General in Myanmar, briefed the Council, gathered in closed consultations, on the developments in the country since the violent events of June 2012.

The French Representative expressed his concerns on the pursuit of intercommunity violence, especially against the Rohingya people.

He also called upon the Burmese authorities to enable humanitarian organizations to access every zone of the country, including the Kachin and Arakan regions.

-  The complete timeline of events here.

2. French position Retour à la table des matières

- The French government maintains a steady dialogue with the countries of Asia and is mobilizing international authorities to promote change in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (also known as Burma). France has continued to appeal for the release of political prisoners as well as for all forms of intimidation of the population and the opposition to stop.

- Aung San Suu Kyi, under house arrest or imprisoned since 2003, was released on 13 November 2010. This release came after Parliamentary elections held on 7 November 2010, about which the spokesman of the the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs said on 19 October: "It is clear that these elections will not meet basic democratic principles."

On 15 November, Bernard Kouchner, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs made the following statement: "Having continuously urged for the release of Aung San Suu Kyi for all these years, I am delighted at the release of this political figure, a symbol of the fight for democracy in Myanmar, a fight which earned her the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991. I would like however to emphasize that this in no way constitutes a measure of clemency by the Burmese junta since her sentence was due to end on 13 November. We have continuously called, together with our European Union partners, for her release. Aung San Suu Kyi will only be completely free if she is a free agent and is able to freely conduct her political activities. There are still many political prisoners in Burma, and we continue to demand their immediate and unrestricted release. Only the government’s dialogue with Aung San Suu Kyi and all of the components of the opposition, as well as with the ethnic minorities, will allow Burma to finally take the path towards genuine national reconciliation."

The spokesman for the Foreign Ministry made the following statement on 1 April 2011: "The elections that took place in Burma last November were not designed to restore democracy in this country, but to consolidate power hitherto exercised by the military. The junta has not been dissolved, it has merely adapted itself. France deplores that Aung San Suu Kyi and the National League for Democracy continue to be excluded from political life.

While the new government formed in Burma invokes democratic ambitions, France reiterates its call for it to engage in a genuine process of national reconciliation. A genuine dialogue must be opened with all opposition forces, including Aung San Suu Kyi and the NLD, as well as minorities. We’re still awaiting, in this respect, the release of political prisoners, who are estimated to number over two thousand.

The situation of human rights in Burma today is deplorable, including with respect to economic, social and cultural rights. France supports the people of Burma. We hope that the neighbouring countries of Burma as well as ASEAN, to which the country belongs, will work for the restoration of democracy of which this country has been deprived for too long. "


- France promoted the establishment at the United Nations in December 2007 of the "Friends of Myanmar", an informal group consisting of 14 countries: Australia, China, France, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, Russia, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States, Vietnam, as well as the European Union.


- Each year, the UN General Assembly adopts resolution on Myanmar, supported by France, in which the Assembly expresses its concern about violations of human rights in that country.


Visit of Mrs Valerie Amos, Under-Secretary-General and Emergency Relief Coordinator, in Myanmar - December 2012 - OCHA Photo /David Ohana


(April 2014)

3. Latest French statements Retour à la table des matières

-  All French statements

4. Reference documents Retour à la table des matières

- 13 August 2009 - Security Council press statement

- 22 May 2008 - Security Council press statement

- 2 May 2008 - Statement by the President of the Security Council - The situation in Burma

- 17 January 2008 - Security Council press statement

- 11 October 2007 - Statement by the President of the Security Council - The situation in Burma

5. Useful links Retour à la table des matières

- Read the file on Myanmar on the French Foreign Ministry’s website

- Read the news focus on Myanmar on the UN News Centre’s website



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