Unanimous adoption of resolution 2099 which extends MINURSO’s mandate for one year
Unanimous adoption of resolution 2044 which extends MINURSO’s mandate for one year
Unanimous adoption of resolution 1979 which extends MINURSO’s mandate for one year
Informal talks in Malta
Informal talks at Westchester, New York
Informal talks at Westchester, New York
Informal talks at Greentree (Long Island, NY), led by Christopher Ross, Personal Envoy of the Secretary General of the UN, 8 and 9 November.
Incidents in Laayoune
Unanimous adoption of resolution 1920 on 30 April, extending the mandate of MINURSO until 30 April 2011
Informal talks in Westchester (near New York) on 10 and 11 February, organized by Christopher Ross, Personal Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Informal talks in Dürnstein (Austria) organized by Christopher Ross.
Adoption of resolution 1871
The UN Secretary General appoints Christopher Ross his Personal Envoy for Western Sahara, succeeding Peter van Walsum.
Adoption of resolution 1813
Adoption of resolution 1783
Second UN-sponsored talks in the same format as June
First UN-sponsored talks between Morocco and the Polisario, in the presence of Mauritania and Algeria, at Manhasset (near New York City)
Morocco presents the UN with a plan to grant autonomy to the Western Sahara.
Adoption of resolution 1754
Ambassador Peter van Walsum is appointed the UN Secretary-General’s personal envoy for Western Sahara, mediating between the Saharawis and the Moroccans.
A new peace plan (Baker II) provides for self-determination for a period of five years, followed by a referendum that includes the independence option. Rejected by Morocco
The Personal Envoy’s Draft Framework Agreement (also called Baker Plan I) is rejected by the Polisario and Algeria
17 March 1997
UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan appoints James Baker as his personal envoy to settle the dispute between Moroccans and Saharawis on the composition of the electoral body authorized to rule on the territory’s fate
6 September 1991
Entry in force of the cease-fire and the deployment of MINURSO (UN Mission for the Organization of a Referendum in the Western Sahara), to monitor the observation of the cease-fire
Morocco leaves the AOU following the SADR’s admission to the Addis Ababa Summit.
5 August 1979
The Polisario signs a cease-fire with Mauritania in Algiers, stating that the latter renounces all territorial claims and definitively ends the war. Morocco occupies the area vacated by the Mauritanian army. The armed confrontation between Morocco and the Polisario continues.
27 February 1976
The Polisario proclaims the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR)
Border tensions between Algeria and Morocco (battle of Amgala)
14 November 1975
Spain, Morocco and Mauritania sign the Madrid accords and Spain agrees to withdraw on 28 February 1976, ceding administrative control to Rabat and Nouakchott after a transitional tripartite administration period.
6 November 1975
“Green March”: 350,000 Moroccan civilians cross into the territory of Western Sahara, asserting its Moroccan identity
16 October 1975
The International Courts of Justice publishes its advisory opinion of the territory’s status, acknowledging the existence of certain tribes’ legal ties of allegiance with the Sultan of Morocco while considering them insufficient to establish a “territorial right”
10 May 1973
Establishment of the Frente Para la Liberación de Saguia el-Hamra y Rio de Oro (POLISARIO). First guerrilla operations
Once Algeria is granted independence, Morocco claims certain areas previously designated as “Saharan Territories,” giving rise to repeated border incidents with Algeria (“War of the Sands”)
France’s support for Spain (“Operation Ecouvillon) enables the latter to retain most of the Western Sahara and Ifni. Under the Angra de Cintra Treaty (April 2, 1958), Spain returns the province of Tarfaya (Cap Juby) to Morocco.
With the participation of Saharawi tribes, Morocco coordinates an uprising against Spain (wars of Ifni and Edchera)
2 March 1956
Morocco gains independence
Spain takes possession of Rio de Oro (the southern part of the Western Sahara), then Saguia el-Hamra in 1884 and 1912.
25 April 2013 - Resolution 2099 – Extension of MINURSO mandate
24 April 2012 - Resolution 2044 – Extension of MINURSO mandate until 30 April 2013
27 April 2011 - Resolution 1979 – Extension of MINURSO mandate until 30 April 2012
30 April 2010 - Resolution 1920 – Extension of MINURSO mandate until 30 April 2011
30 April 2009 – Resolution 1871 – Extension of MINURSO mandate until 30 April 2010
29 April 1991 - Resolution 690 - Establishment of the UN Mission for the Organization of a Referendum in the Western Sahara (MINURSO)
Find all the Security Council resolutions pertaining to MINURSO on the UN website
27 April 2011 - Security Council - Western Sahara - Extending the mandate of MINURSO - Explanation of vote - Statement By Mr Gérard Araud, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations
30 April 2009 - Security Council - Western Sahara - Extending the mandate of MINURSO - Explanation of vote by Mr. Jean-Maurice Ripert, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations
21 October 2008 – 4th Commission of the 63rd UN General Assembly – Point 37 – Western Sahara – European Union Statement by H.E. Mr. Jean-Maurice Ripert, Permanent Representative of France
Visit the UN website on MINURSO