On 20 June 2014, the Security Council held private consultations on the situation in Yemen with Mr Jamal Benomar, Special Representative of the Secretary-General.
The Deputy Permanent Representative of France took notice of encouraging elements regarding the political transition in Yemen. It followed its course since the conclusion of the national dialogue conference on 25 January, in view of the drafting of a new Constitution. Tensions persisted, especially from former President Saleh and his supporters. The security situation remained concerning because of Al-Qaida activities and because of the conflict between huthists and jihadists in northern Yemen. The Deputy Permanent Representative recalled the commitment of the Security Council in this crisis, as demonstrated by the adoption of resolution 2140 last February.
On 14 May 2014, Ms. Raimonda Murmokaité, Permanent Representative of Lithuania and head of the 2140 sanctions committee for an orderly political transition in Yemen, presented the initial work of the committee to the Security Council.
The committee adopted its guidelines and designated 3 out of 4 experts. It held its first meeting on 30 April on engaging with the Cooperation Council for the Arab states of the Gulf. The first report of the committee is scheduled for 25 June 2014.
During closed consultations that followed, the Permanent Representative of France commended the work of the 2140 committee, useful to help the Council accompany the political transition in Yemen. This committee would allow to identify those undermining the transition. France renewed its support to the committee.
On 5 May 2014, the Security Council adopted a press statement condemning the terrorist attack on 5 May in Sana’a, which killed one French national and injured others.
On 24 April 2014, the members of the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear Mr. Benomar, Special Advisor to the Secretary General, on the latest development of the transition process in Yemen.
The Representative of France welcomed the ongoing Yemeni transition. Guidelines for the drafting of a new constitution were being implemented and the legislative and presidential elections should be held in early 2015. There was a need to ensure the respect of the timetable. However, the country would have to tackle new challenges: the humanitarian situation was still dramatic and the security situation very worrying, with numerous terrorist attacks. The adoption of resolution 2140 by the Security Council, with the introduction of a system of criminal sanctions, was sending a strong message to those willing to destabilize the situation.
On 25 March 2014, the Security Council adopted a press statement condemning the terrorist attack on 24 March in Hadramawt, which killed twenty soldiers.
On 26 February 2014, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2140 on Yemen.
The Permanent Representative of France indicated that this resolution reaffirmed the commitment of the Council and the international community to support Yemeni people in the next steps of the process of democratic transition. He also recalled that actors who would destabilize the political transition would be subject to targeted sanctions by the Security Council. Finally, this resolution demonstrated that when the Council spoke with one voice, he could be an agent of change.
The Permanent Representative of Yemen welcomed the contribution of the international community. It played a key role concerning the dialogue between all political actors, example of the cooperation between the United Nations and regional organizations. However, economic, humanitarian and security problems persisted. The Permanent Representative of Yemen therefore called on the international community to honor its commitments in order to ensure the implementation of the national dialogue conference.
On 28 January 2014, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the report of Mr. Jamal Benomar, Special Adviser to the Secretary-General, on the situation in Yemen.
The permanent representative of France expressed concerns about the threats that remained in the country. The security situation was a matter of serious concern, with the active presence of Al Qaeda, targeted assassinations or abductions. Human rights violations persisted and the humanitarian situation remained dramatic. In this context, the permanent representative welcomed the conclusion of the National Dialogue Conference with a view to the drafting of a new constitution. It was an important step in the political transition process, which allowed all Yemeni actors to express themselves and showed that the dispute settlement through dialogue was possible. It was now important for each objective to be set in the framework of a precise time-frame. Finally, the permanent representative stressed the very important role of the Security Council that had to remain engaged and vigilant for the remainder of the transition process.
On 5 December 2013, the Security Council adopted a Press statement condemning the attack on the Yemeni Defence Ministry and hospital that occurred in Sana’a, causing numerous deaths and injuries. It expressed its deep sympathy and sincere condolences to the families of the victims of these heinous acts, and to the people and Government of the Republic of Yemen, and those countries whose nationals have been affected.
The complete timeline of events here.
Since 27 January 2011, peaceful protests have multiplied in Sana’a, the capital of Yemen, and in other cities, calling for the departure of President Ali Abdullah Saleh, in power since 1978.
On 3 February, following a speech by President Saleh promising the establishment of a national unity government and elections, a "day of anger" attracted between 20,000 and 100,000 people around the place Tahrir in Sana’a.
In March, the movement was joined by the parliamentary opposition and by major tribes. Some army generals also joined the opposition to demand the resignation of President Saleh.
The government tried to suppress the mass protests by force, leaving many dead and wounded. By 19 April 2011, more than 117 demonstrators had been killed in clashes with security forces, including at least 26 children according to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
In early April, the monarchies of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, and Bahrain) initiated a mediation effort and on 10 April called on the Yemeni president to cede power to his vice President.
On 12 April 2011, the spokesman of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs expressed France’s support to this mediation:
"We reiterate our full support to the mediation proposal made on 3 April by the Cooperation Council of Arab Gulf states, to promote a quick solution to the Yemeni crisis and allow a peaceful political transition. We urge all Yemeni parties to accept this mediation in the interest of peace and of the unity, stability and security of Yemen. "
4 December 2012 - Security Council - Situation in Yemen - Statement by Mr. Martin Briens, Deputy Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations
24 October 2011 - Security Council - Debate on the Middle East - Statement by Mr. Gérard Araud, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations
21 April 2011 - Security Council - Situation in the Middle East – Statement by Mr. Gérard Araud, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations
11 July 2014 - Security Council - Press statement on fighting in Yemen
5 May 2014 - Security Council - Press statement - Terrorist attack in Sana’a
25 March 2014 - Security Council - Press statement - Terrorist attack in Hadramawt
26 February 2014 - Security Council - Resolution 2140
5 December 2013 - Security Council - Press statement - Attack on the Yemeni Defence Ministry and hospital in Sana’a
27 November 2013 - Security Council press statement
12 April 2013 - Security Council Press Statement
15 February 2013 - Security Council Presidential Statement on the situation in Yemen
13 September 2012 - Security Council press statement on terrorist attack in Yemen
12 June 2012 - Security Council - resolution 2051
29 March 2012 - Security Council - presidential statement
21 October 2011 - Resolution 2014
24 September 2011 - Security Council Press Statement
9 August 2011 - Security Council Press Statement