Brazil and France reiterate their conviction that climate change is one of the most pressing challenges we face today and that it requires immediate global response guided by fairness and equity. The two countries underline that combating climate change is an imperative that must be fully compatible with sustainable economic growth and the fight against poverty. They endorse the scientific findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report and support the objective that global mean temperature increase should not exceed 2 degrees centigrade above the pre-industrial levels, which implies a peak in global emissions as early as possible and reducing global emissions by at least 50% by 2050 compared to 1990.
Brazil and France are engaged in working together before the 15th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), to be held in Copenhagen, in December 2009. They emphasize the importance of establishing bridges among countries and are willing to further advance understandings between the G-77/China and the industrialized countries. They commend the fact that two countries with different national and regional circumstances can express common views on major issues of the climate change negotiations. They are determined to step up the pace of negotiations in order to reach a positive and ambitious agreed outcome, based on the Bali Road Map, in Copenhagen later this year.
Brazil and France commit themselves to cooperating to strengthen the international climate change regime, through the enhanced implementation of the UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol. In this regard, they recall that all Parties should formulate, implement, publish and regularly update national programs containing measures to mitigate climate change and facilitate adaptation to climate change. These plans should be the vehicle for low carbon growth.
They underscore that all Annex I countries should adopt new and ambitious mid-term emission reduction targets in line with their historical and present responsibilities and capabilities, consistent with the 2°C and the recommendations of the IPCC. Annex I countries should outline emission pathways consistent with the goal of reducing their emissions by at least 80% by 2050 compared to 1990. In this context, they agree on the central importance of comparability of economy wide reduction targets among all Annex I countries.
Meanwhile, non-Annex I countries should pursue low carbon growth by implementing nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) in the context of sustainable development, enabled and supported by developed countries with new and additional financing, technology cooperation and capacity-building. Developing countries should also contribute to the global effort by undertaking a substantial deviation from the business as usual projections of their emissions increase consistent with the IPCC recommendations, with a view to reducing the carbon intensity of their economies and peaking emissions as early as possible, bearing in mind that social and economic development and poverty eradication are the first and overriding priorities in developing countries.
Our two countries will support the establishment of a registry as part of the general framework for measuring, reporting and verifying (MRV) both NAMAs by developing countries and the
support received from developed countries. The registry would channel enabling means of implementation of mitigation actions by developing countries, allowing for an important contribution to an enhanced global mitigation effort.
Brazil and France also underline the importance of adaptation to the adverse effects of climate change and agree that mitigation and adaptation should be given equal consideration under the Convention. Despite their limited responsibility for climate change, developing countries are already facing its adverse effects. Brazil and France stress the need for the development of a fair, comprehensive and robust framework for adaptation. This framework must include significant new financial support for developing countries, particularly for poor and vulnerable countries in Africa, Least Developed Countries and the Small Island Developing States, so that they may face the additional burden that climate change poses regarding the existing challenge of social and economic development and poverty eradication.
They recall that the provision of financial resources is one of the key building blocks for the full, effective and sustained implementation of the Convention. In this context, they underscore that the scaling up of international public financing will be paramount for the successful outcome of COP-15. They underline the role of financial instruments, innovative financing and the role of the private sector in supporting action on mitigation and adaptation, as well as technology development and transfer. Investments should support low carbon growth and sustainable production and consumption patterns.
They highlight the need for enhanced cooperation between developed and developing countries for the research, development, deployment, diffusion and transfer of environmentally sound technologies. Technological cooperation can also be enhanced through the establishment of international hubs for knowledge and information sharing and capacity-building as well as national and regional centers for environmentally friendly technologies. Innovative solutions are needed to significantly enhance access to technologies.
They underscore the importance of stimulating enhanced action aimed at reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD). They recognize that this objective is an important part of mitigation efforts by several developing countries and may play a significant role in the global effort to tackle climate change. Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, through conservation of forests, sustainable management and enhancement of carbon stocks in forests can and should promote social and environmental co-benefits.
In this sense, they agree that such activities should receive adequate financial and technological support, as part of nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) to be undertaken by developing countries. They emphasize the need to strengthen capacity-building and technology cooperation – both North-South and South-South - in the forestry sector, including the use of remote sensing tools. They commit to ensure the inclusion of REDD in the Copenhagen agreed outcome, with a view to establishing effective and reliable means of support for this objective under the Convention.
Brazil and France underline the need for ambitious results in reducing greenhouse gas emissions on a global scale. In this sense, they stress the role of promoting energy efficiency and renewable sources of energy, including socially and environmentally sustainable bioenergy, as part of the global effort to address climate change.
Brazil and France concur in the need for the establishment of an international organization devoted to the environment and sustainable development, which would give coherence to the efforts of the international community in these areas. They are convinced that the impetus should be given in Copenhagen in December so that the organization could be established at the Rio+20 Conference in Rio de Janeiro in 2012.