Ladies and Gentlemen,
I am delighted to welcome you in the presence of my counterparts from Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia and Libya. We’ve just held the Deauville Partnership meeting which was particularly productive and positive. Above all, it demonstrated the determination of all partners to resolutely commit to this partnership.
Today, for us, the priority is clear; we must help the countries that are engaged in deep economic and political reforms to make these reforms a success. I mentioned these countries a moment ago - Tunisia, Egypt, Morocco, Jordan and now Libya which is finally free from Colonel Qaddafi’s yoke.
This Deauville Partnership was launched at the most recent G8 Summit - in Deauville in fact -chaired by Nicolas Sarkozy. The heads of state and government laid the foundations for this partnership. The finance ministers and the financial institutions defined a package capable of responding to the challenges of the 2011-2013 period. To date, we’ve managed to mobilize a total of around $80 billion within the framework of this partnership, including $38 billion for the international financial institutions and critically important bilateral ventures. This amount may increase in the coming months. France’s contributions increased from €1.1 billion to €2.7 billion for the same period, i.e. approximately $3.7 billion today.
It was incumbent upon us, the G8 foreign ministers, together with our partners from the Arab countries, with the United Nations, and with the other international organizations to determine the operational and political framework of this partnership. That has now been achieved in a declaration that has just been unanimously adopted by all of the partners present.
We wanted to affirm that this partnership could be, at the same time, genuine, comprehensive and immediately operational.
By genuine, I mean that the transition and the reforms must be driven by our partner countries in the region. It’s their revolution, it’s their transition, and it’s of course up to them to define the terms and the action plans for this revolution. We don’t want to impose methods, we didn’t come to give lessons, we came to listen to you and to see how we can respond to your demands. President Sarkozy stressed this in Benghazi to the young Libyans. That’s the thrust of the detailed action plans that were presented to us by Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt, Jordan and will soon be presented by Libya.
A comprehensive partnership because it must focus both on economic modernization and political reforms that must move forward at the same pace, for example, the strengthening of the rule of law. We’re talking about programs to support the training of judges, the training of journalists and programs to support electoral processes. The partnership will develop and revitalize the dialogue between the governments and civil society within the framework of the Forum for the Future. I would also like to point out that I will co-chair, together with Kuwait’s foreign minister, Sheikh Mohammed al-Sabah, the next meeting of this forum on 21 and 22 November in Kuwait.
Lastly, this partnership should be immediately operational. We don’t want to just create hype about this, we want the action plans to become reality as swiftly as possible. I’d like for example to mention the €85 million that France has already paid out. The World Bank and the African Development Bank have paid $500 million. I would also like to take long-term action. This has been said on several occasions and it’s up to us, the foreign ministers - with the support of the finance ministers - to monitor this process and of course we’re counting on the American presidency of the G8 which will follow the French presidency to ensure the Deauville Partnership’s continuity. Mrs. Hillary Clinton, who participated in our meeting, is of course committed to doing that. We’ll be able to take stock of our progress before the end of the year, for example on the sidelines of the Forum for the Future that I just mentioned.
These are a few thoughts that I wanted to share with you in order to summarize our work this afternoon.