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10 December 2009 - Security Council: Iran - 1737 Committee - Statement by Mr. Gérard Araud, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations

(Translation of statement made in French)

Dear Mr. President,

I would first of all like to thank Ambassador Takasu for his quarterly report. This report adequately demonstrates the scope of the Iranian strategies for deliberately violating sanctions resulting from resolutions 1737, 1747, 1803, and reaffirmed by resolution 1835.

The serious violations are building up: Monchegorsk, ANL Australia, Hansa India, and now Francop. This represents a real flow of weapons and other dangerous goods, aiming to destabilize fragile regimes and perpetuate conflicts, with regular routes being established, with Bandar Abbas as a starting point. And this is probably just the tip of the iceberg.

Almost all of these violations involve the "Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines" company. We must draw the consequences of this. The States, ports, charter companies and captains must be warned of the risks that they are running. We will not settle for just writing letters not deemed worthy of a response. Violation of the law is compounded by spite for the legislator.

Mr. President,

Furthermore, what is even more serious is the fact that Iran is putting itself in a dangerous situation of deadlock.

Since 2003, we have not stopped trying to open negotiations with Iran. We came out with many proposals. To this was added the involvement of the United States at the highest level, to engage in dialogue with this country. Iran hasn’t seized any of our proposals.

A symbolic offer of cooperation, involving Russia and France, was proposed regarding the re-enrichment of Iranian fuel abroad in order to operate the Tehran Research Reactor. The IAEA guaranteed the operation. This was a unique opportunity to build trust. Iran rejected this proposal.

Even more serious, a secret uranium enrichment site, the size and configuration of which are clearly not suitable for civilian use, was revealed to the IAEA. Iran did not declare the site, in violation of its Safeguards Agreement and Code 3.1, as confirmed in the most recent IAEA report.

This is a major breach of the international community’s trust. Everyone is asking "How many other sites are there still in Iran?"

Given the seriousness of these facts, on November 27 the IAEA Board of Governors adopted and passed on to the Security Council a specific resolution on Iran for the first time since 2006.

This resolution urges Iran to comply with its obligations. It demands that it suspend work on the secret Qom facility and provide all the access and documents required to shed light on the purpose of this site.

It also demands that Iran confirm in writing that there are no other secret sites. The Agency already issued this demand to Iran in a letter on November 6, to which Iran has never replied.

The resolution demands that Iran apply the transparency measures demanded of it, beginning with Code 3.1, one of Iran’s obligations under its Safeguards Agreement, which it illegally rejected.

Lastly, the resolution demands that Iran resolve the outstanding issues with the Agency, which, according to the IAEA, is essential in order to provide credible assurances that Iran does not have a military program.

Iran’s reaction to the adoption of this resolution by the board of IAEA was to announce the construction of ten new uranium enrichment sites. Needless to say, in the absence of nuclear plants, this makes no sense in the framework of a civil nuclear program.

Mr. President,

We are at a turning point, despite all our efforts.

This week, the Heads of State and Government of the European Union will meet in Brussels. They will make an assessment following Iran’s refusal to negotiate for months and months.

If Iran continues to do everything to violate five Security Council resolutions, if it continues to refuse to introduce the slightest trust-building measures, to refuse to engage in dialogue, to refuse to introduce transparency, following the major revelations that have just been made, we must all draw the consequences, i.e. go for a new sanctions resolution. Let us be prepared. France is ready for its part. There is no reason to wait further.

Thank you./.

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Organisation des Nations Unies Présidence de la République France Diplomatie La France à l'Office des Nations Unies à Genève Union Européenne Première réunion de l'ONU