I welcome the Minister for Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and la Francophonie of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. We welcome the unanimous adoption of resolution 2089 (2013), which France submitted to the Council. The resolution complements the Framework for Peace, Security and Cooperation for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Region, signed 24 February, and creates a link between the commitments of the countries of the region and the situation on the ground in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The content of the resolution ref lects the recommendations set forth by the Secretary-General in his report (S/2013/119) and addresses the expectations of the States and regional organizations of the region.
At the political level, the resolution recalls the necessity for the signatories to the Framework agreement to implement the commitments that they have undertaken. It appoints the new Special Envoy for the Great Lakes Region, Mary Robinson. France commends her appointment and calls upon her and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and head of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) to keep the Security Council informed of the status of the implementation of the Framework agreement. The Security Council underlines that, in case of any violation of the commitments, it will be prepared to take the necessary measures.
With respect to the situation on the ground, the resolution sets out measures to reduce the threat posed by armed groups to civilians. It allows, for the first time, for the deployment of an Intervention Brigade with an offensive mandate in order to prevent the armed groups from expanding and to neutralize and disarm them with a view to finally bringing about a stabilization of the situation in eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The resolution also clarifies that MONUSCO is effectively charged with monitoring the eastern border of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Those tasks do not change, however, the core of MONUSCO’s mandate, which remains above all a peacekeeping operation tasked primarily with protecting civilians, a concern that affects all of the text’s provisions.
With respect to the Intervention Brigade’s activities, the resolution stresses that MONUSCO must seek to contain the threat to civilians before, during and after all military operations. It will also continue to guarantee respect for human rights, as that is still at the core of its mandate. The Intervention Brigade will necessarily work in full compliance with international humanitarian law and human rights law and respect United Nations human rights policy.
MONUSCO can also help stabilize the situation
in the Democratic Republic of the Congo by arresting
those who commit atrocities against civilians and who
are wanted, in particular by international criminal
justice bodies. That is why this new mandate now asks
MONUSCO to support — and, more importantly, work
with — the Congolese authorities and the International
Criminal Court to arrest those criminals
Learn more on the Democratic Republic of Congo.