I, too, wish to thank Ambassador Osorio for his 90-day report and for his effective chairmanship of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1737 (2006).
The final report (S/2012/395) that the Panel of Experts has just delivered to the Council presents a comprehensive and detailed picture of the implementation of sanctions on Iran. It makes clear that sanctions have an effect. They deter Iran’s acquisition of ballistic and nuclear materials, thereby slowing its nuclear programme. They have also compelled Iran to alter its methods of acquisition and its illicit export and financing. We should continue to rigorously implement the sanctions.
The report also sheds light on the persistent violations by Iran of its international obligations. Those violations point to ever more complex and harmful methods of evasion — phantom companies, bogus names, the use of multiple brokers and exchanges, physical concealment and false statements. Among other things, the Panel underlines the continual involvement of members of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution and of the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines in violations.
I especially want to stress Iran’s violations of the arms embargo. We are seriously concerned about the active role played by Syria, outlined yet again by the Panel. Syria, which is carrying out a bloody repression of its population, is involved in the majority of cases of violations of the arms embargo reported to the Committee. The scale of those violations bespeaks an ongoing, systematic policy of illicit transfer of arms and related materials between Iran and Syria. Moreover, it is also known that Syria is involved in many violations reported to the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1718 (2006), on North Korea. Those are serious violations on Syria’s part of its obligations to the Security Council.
The independent Panel of Experts, established in 2010 by resolution 1929 (2010), plays a crucial role in guaranteeing that measures adopted by the Security Council are implemented and remain effective. I express our thanks to the Panel for its professionalism and outstanding work. We welcome the fact that its latest final report will be available to everyone, and would wish that to be the case as well with regard to last year’s The Panel’s work is far from finished. We therefore welcome the extension of its mandate for another year. That is one more signal to Iran of the determination of the international community to enforce full compliance with Security Council resolutions.
The Committee must also fulfil its role. We would therefore like the Panel’s recommendations to be followed. The Committee must regularly update its lists of goods, people and entities that are subject to sanctions. That is especially true for individuals and entities guilty of violations. In that respect, we are pleased that for the first time since its inception the Committee has designated two additional individuals and one company with ties to the Al Quds Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution and involved in violations of the arms embargo reported by Nigeria. That is an important step forward. It is proof that sanctions violations will not be without consequences and that all States have an important role to play in the implementation of sanctions.
The Security Council has yet again received a worrying report from the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). It highlights that Iran continues to refuse to comply with the demands of the Security Council and the IAEA Board of Governors. Iran is actively pursuing its uranium enrichment programme, to 3.5 and 20 per cent, and its heavy water projects, in violation of its obligations under Security Council resolutions, and without any convincing proof of its civilian application. In particular, Iran continues to enrich uranium to 20 per cent in its underground facility in Fordo, which it concealed for years.
On the subject of the military dimension of Iran’s programme, unfortunately no concrete progress was achieved by the IAEA at its recent meeting in Tehran on 8 June on a structured programme document, which represents an attempt to resolve outstanding issues about Iran’s programme, especially those relating to militarization. Despite several recent visits to Iran by the Agency and, in particular, by its Director General, Tehran continues to refuse to formally agree to the document. That is regrettable. In keeping with the demands of the IAEA Board of Governors in its resolution of last November, Iran must give the Agency full access to all relevant documents, people and sites, including the military facility in Parchin, where the Agency has claimed that operations were being conducted in violation of the required verifications.
What we ask for, as does the Council and the international community as a whole, is for Iran to instil confidence in the peaceful nature of its nuclear programme. On 23 and 24 May, the E3+3 Governments met with Iran in Baghdad. That meeting aimed to build on the renewed discussions on Iran’s nuclear programme in Istanbul on 14 April. The E3+3 made concrete proposals for creating confidence in the exclusively peaceful goals of the Iranian nuclear programme. Those steps concern 20 per cent enrichment activities conducted by Iran, in particular at Qom. They would be a first step towards Iran’s full respect of its international commitments. We expect Iran to offer a constructive response to our proposals during the next meeting in Moscow, in order to engage a genuine negotiating process that will yield tangible results.