Paris, 31 March 2011
Yesterday, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 1975 on the situation in Côte d’Ivoire, clearly demanding that the will of the Ivorian people be respected and imposing sanctions on Laurent Gbagbo and his close associates.
France and Nigeria jointly proposed this resolution which they presented to the Security Council. In the current circumstances, this text responds to a necessity.
The Security Council clearly demands that the will of the Ivorian people be respected and urges Laurent Gbagbo to fully recognize Alassane Ouattara as the legitimately elected president of Côte d’Ivoire. His election was, moreover, recognized by the entire international community, beginning with the African countries through the positions continuously expressed by the Economic Community of West African States and by the African Union.
The Security Council is, for the first time, directly sanctioning Ivorian personalities and condemning the use of heavy weapons against civilians. The Security Council is demanding that UNOCI, the UN force in Côte d’Ivoire, use all necessary means to prevent the use of these arms against the population, i.e., to be clear, to seize these arms.
The Security Council also underlined that the violence perpetrated by Laurent Gbagbo’s forces could amount to crimes against humanity, which would fall within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court.
Through this resolution, the members of the Security Council are lending their full support to peace and democracy in Côte d’Ivoire. They are also sending a very clear message to Laurent Gbagbo: he must respect the will of the Ivorian people.
Laurent Gbagbo and his close associates must heed this message and stop spilling the blood of their compatriots.
Do you know if Laurent Gbagbo is still paying the salaries of the forces that have been loyal to him until now?
In order to deprive Laurent Gbagbo of the financial resources that have enabled him to avoid respecting the results of the elections, ECOWAS, the European Union, and other external partners of Côte d’Ivoire have taken economic and financial measures aimed at preventing the misappropriation of Côte d’Ivoire’s public resources.
The WAEMU thus decided in December, following a decision by ECOWAS, to recognize Alassane Ouattara as the legitimately elected president of Côte d’Ivoire, thus recognizing his signature with respect to the Ivorian State’s public accounts.
In December, the European Union adopted measures, including a visa ban and the freezing of assets, targeting the individuals and entities that oppose the authority of the legitimate president and finance Laurent Gbagbo’s activities.
UNSCR 1975, which was unanimously adopted yesterday, strengthens these measures by imposing targeted sanctions, including financial sanctions, against Laurent Gbagbo, his wife and three close advisors.
Learn more on Cote d’Ivoire.