On 17 May 2011, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear a quarterly report by the president of the Sanctions Committee established by resolution 1718. France expressed its wish that the final annual report of the experts panel (panel established by resolution 1874 to assist the Committee and the Council) be published as soon as possible in accordance with the practice of all sanctions committees.
The panel of independent experts established pursuant to resolution 1874 to assist the Sanctions Committee (1718 Committee) submitted on 28 January 2011 to the Committee, at its request, a report on the recent nuclear developments in North Korea. This report followed a meeting of the Committee with Professor Hecker, a U.S. scientist who was invited by North Korea in November 2010 to visit a uranium centrifuge facility and a light water reactor in Yeongbyon.
The expert panel concluded that the enrichment facility and the light water reactor constituted a serious violation of resolutions 1718 and 1874. It made recommendations to the Committee, including new designations of individuals, entities and assets and technologies for a nuclear enrichment program.
The report, which was not released, was discussed in closed consultations of the Security Council on 23 February 2011 during the quarterly review of the report of the president of the 1718 Committee. France emphasized the quality of the report of the panel of experts and endorsed its recommendations.
On 10 February 2012, Portugal, as chairman of the Sanctions Committee of Resolution 1718 of the Security Council, presented in closed consultations his quarterly report to the Security Council. The committee had finally passed the notice on luxury goods.
France stressed that the accession of Kim Jong-un at the head of North Korea at the death of his father had not been marked by any progress in terms of transparency and fight against proliferation.
On 13 April 2012, the Security Council met to discuss its reaction to the launch by North Korea of what its regime described as a rocket, in violation of resolutions 1718 and 1874. France condemned the launch, describing it as a "provocative act" that would "aggravate tensions in the region and complicate the search for a solution to the North Korean nuclear issue". On 16 April, in a presidential statement, the Council strongly condemned the launch, indicated it would adjust the scope of sanctions and demanded that North Korea abandon it put an end to its nuclear and missile programs. The Council also warned Pyongyang against a further launch or nuclear test.
On 12 June 2012, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2050, renewing for one year the mandate of the panel of experts of the Sanctions Committee established pursuant to resolutions 1718 and 1874.
On 21 August 2012, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the quarterly report of Portugal as Chairman of the sanctions committee of resolution 1718. North Korea continued to violate the measures adopted by the Security Council by pursuing its ballistic and enrichment programs and proliferation activities.
The Security Council supported the work of the panel of experts after the renewal of its members by resolution 2050 and the efforts of the Group of Six to bring North Korea to the table of negotiations.
On 29 November, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the briefing of the Portuguese permanent representative, as chairman of the 1718 Committee.
The French Representative called upon the Council to take concrete measures as a follow-up to the report on the implementation of the Councils resolutions published in June, as North Korea continued its ballistic and nuclear activities.
On 12 December 2012, the Security Council condemned the launch of a rocket using ballistic missile technology by North Korea. This initiative was a clear violation of resolutions 1718 and 1874 of the Security Council.
France strongly condemned this launch which was threatening international peace and security, in particular in the Korean peninsula and in Eastern Asia. Pyongyang had to comply immediately with its international obligations and cease any nuclear and ballistic proliferation activities.
On 22 January 2013, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2087, which was condemning the rocket launch conducted by North Korea on 12 December and tightening the sanctions regime against its proliferation activities.
On 12 February 2013, following a nuclear test carried out by North Korea in violation of UNSC resolutions 1718, 1874 and 2087, the Security Council held an emergency meeting at the request of several countries, including France. Council members unanimously condemned the test which constituted a serious threat to international peace and security, and decided to begin working on a new sanctions resolution.
On 21 February 2013, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the quarterly report of Luxembourg as Chairperson of the sanctions Committee of resolution 1718. North Korea continued to violate the measures adopted by the Security Council by pursuing its ballistic and proliferation activities, especially to the benefit of the Syrian regime.
The French Representative condemned the attempted export of ballistic material from North Korea to Syria, saying it only allowed the regime in Damascus to continue the slaughter of its people. He also welcomed the work of the Experts and stressed the need for them to close the many opened investigation files, in order for the Committee to take appropriate decisions.
On 5 March 2013, as requested by the United States, the Security Council met in closed consultations.
The United States and China presented to the members of the Council a draft resolution putting into place new measures to reinforce the sanctions regime against North Korea.
On 7 March 2013, following the 5 March private consultations, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2094 reinforcing the sanctions against North Korea.
On 16 May 2013, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the quarterly report of Luxembourg as Chairperson of the sanctions Committee of resolution 1718.
While condemning the North Korea failure to comply with its international obligations, the representative of France stressed the importance of the Committee and of the panel of experts, whose mandate had been extended for one year. The Committee should continue its efforts to inform Member States on the guidelines of the Security Council resolution 2094, adopted unanimously in March to strengthen the sanctions regime.
On 7 August 2013, the Security Council met in private consultations to hear the quarterly briefing by the 1718 Sanctions Committee chair, Ambassador Sylvie Lucas (Luxembourg).
During these consultations, the Permanent Representative of France welcomed the responsiveness of Panama’s government and the cooperation of Cuba’s government regarding the recent interception, off the Panamanian coast, of a ship carrying weaponry, from Cuba to North Korea. He also called for a quick investigation and urged the North-Korean government to address the preoccupations of the international community and to restore trusting and transparent relations with it without delay.
On 11 November 2013, the Security Council met in private consultations to hear the quarterly briefing on the activities of the Sanctions Committee of Resolution 1718 (2006) activities (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), chaired by Ambassador Sylvie Lucas (Luxembourg).
During these consultations, the Permanent Representative of France welcomed again the responsiveness of Panama’s government and the cooperation of Cuba’s government regarding the interception of a ship carrying weapons from Cuba to the DPRK. He called for a quick investigation and urged the North-Korean government to fulfill its international obligations. The DPRK’s denuclearization was necessary and the DPRK had to abandon its nuclear program in a complete, verifiable and irreversible manner. The Representative of France also expressed concerns about the resumption of activities on the Yongbyon location. The nuclear and outstanding issues needed to be resolved in a diplomatic way. The Committee should ensure a strict implementation of Security Council resolutions. In the event of non-compliance, sanction measures had to be taken in order to guarantee safety of the international community. Finally, the Representative of France welcomed the action of the panel of experts, without which the Committee’s work would not have been rendered possible.
On 20 February 2014, the Security Council met in private consultations to hear the quarterly briefing on the activities of the Sanctions Committee of resolution 1718 (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), chaired by Luxembourg.
The Permanent Representative of France expressed concern at the resuming of nuclear and ballistic programs cited in the report of the panel of experts. He called on the Security Council to remain vigilant. He supported the recommendations made in the report and encouraged its publication as soon as possible.
The French Representative renewed his call for a diplomatic solution to the proliferation crisis in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, all the while making sure the sanctions from the Council were strictly applied.
On 5 March 2014, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2141 on non-proliferation.
Following the launching of ballistic missiles by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) on the night of 25 to 26 March 2014, the Security Council held private consultations on 27 March 2014. Mr Jeffrey Feltman, Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, expressed the Secretary-General’s concern towards this launch. He asked the DPRK to stop this launch in order to maintain regional peace and security.
All Council members supported the remarks to the press made by Mrs Sylvie Lucas, president of the Council, which condemned the shooting of ballistic missiles on 26 March 2014 in violation of resolutions 1718 (2006), 1874 (2009), 2087 (2013) and 2094 (2013).
On 17 April 2014, following the release by the Security Council of the report of the Investigation Commission on the human rights situation in the DPRK, France, the United States and Australia organized an informal session of the Security Council (“Arria” format). The members of the Investigation Commission –Mr. Kirby, its chairman, Mr. Darusman and Mrs. Biserko- presented the document. Two victims of the regime, Mr. Shin Dong Hyu, former detainee in the camps of the North Korean regime, and Mrs. Hyeonseo Lee, North Korean refugee, shared their experience.
To these serious and systematic human rights violations committed by the DPRK authorities, the Permanent Representative of France urged the Security Council to be firm. To ensure that these crimes against impunity would not go unpunished, the situation had to be referred to the International Criminal Court.
During private consultations held on 20 May 2014, the Permanent Representative of Luxembourg and head of the 1721 sanctions committee on the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) presented the quarterly report of the committee to the Security Council.
The Permanent Representative of France thanked Ms Lucas for the presentation of this report. He reminded of the violations of resolutions 1718 (2006), 1874 (2009), 2087 (2013) et 2094 (2013), condemned by the Council. He called for a reaction of the Council to the violation of these international obligations.